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Activation of muscarinic receptors with carbachol has no effect on intracellular Ca2+ concentration in cerebellar granule cell cultures. Only after elevating intracellular Ca2+ concentrations using either 40 mM KCl or activating glutamatergic receptors was carbachol able to increase intracellular Ca2+. The response lasted about 10 s, and the median increase(More)
Baclofen and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are shown to inhibit basal adenylate cyclase activity in brain of rat. The response is mediated through the GABAB receptor, and the rank order of potency for agonists is (-)-baclofen (EC50 = 4 microM) greater than GABA (EC50 = 17 microM) greater than muscimol greater than (+)-baclofen. GABAA agonists are not(More)
Three types of striatal lesions were performed to determine the site of adenosine synthesis and release and the location of adenosine A2 receptors: decortication; injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) into the median forebrain bundle; and injection of kainic acid into the striatum. The parameters measured in the striatum were content of adenosine,(More)
We describe a rapid, sensitive method to determine brain adenosine content by HPLC. Adenosine is first reacted with chloroacetaldehyde to form fluorescent 1,N6-ethenoadenosine. The derivative is then separated from interfering compounds by HPLC on a C18 reverse-phase column and quantitated by fluorometry. We found that adenosine was rather uniformly(More)
There are two major classes of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-sensitive receptors: GABAA and GABAB. The GABAA receptor, the better known of the two GABA receptors, is a heterooligomeric complex that forms a chloride channel. Multiple subtypes of the GABAA receptor result from the composition of different subunits. In contrast to the GABAA receptor, the(More)
Stimulation of either adenosine A1 or A2 receptors results in a decrease or an increase in the adenylate cyclase activity, respectively. With various concentrations of the adenosine agonist N6-phenylisopropyladenosine, both responses on cyclase are observed in a crude membrane preparation from rat striatum. The A2 receptors appeared to be associated(More)
The cerebellum of mouse appears to have only the adenosine A1 receptor, which decreases adenylate cyclase activity, and not the A2 receptor, which increases adenylate cyclase activity. The adenosine analog N6-(L-phenylisopropyl)adenosine (PIA), stimulates the A1 receptor in a membrane preparation and decreases basal adenylate cyclase activity by 40%. The(More)
In synaptosomal membranes from rat cerebellum, additive responses to adenylate cyclase activity are observed between the beta adrenergic receptors present on the Purkinje cells and the adenosine A-1 receptors or gamma-aminobutyric acid B (GABAB) receptors, which are both associated with the granule cells. In contrast, nonadditive responses are found with(More)
In primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells, [3H]nitrendipine binds with high affinity to a single site (KD 1 nM and Bmax 20 fmol/mg protein). The 1,4-dihydropyridine (DHP) class of compounds such as nitrendipine, nifedipine, and BAY K 8644 displace [3H]nitrendipine binding at nanomolar concentrations. Verapamil partially inhibits whereas diltiazem(More)