Walter J. Rushlow

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BACKGROUND It has been demonstrated that schizophrenics have altered levels and/or phosphorylation states of several Wnt related proteins in the brain, including beta-catenin and GSK-3, and may represent susceptibility loci for schizophrenia. The current study was conducted to assess the effects of antipsychotics on beta-catenin and glycogen synthase(More)
Protein kinase B and glycogen synthase kinase-3 have been identified as susceptibility genes for schizophrenia and altered protein and mRNA levels have been detected in the brains of schizophrenics post-mortem. Recently, we reported that haloperidol, clozapine and risperidone alter glycogen synthase kinase-3 and beta-catenin protein expression and glycogen(More)
Protein kinase B (Akt), glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) and members of the Wnt signal transduction pathway were recently found to be altered in schizophrenia and targeted by antipsychotic drugs. In the current study, selected Wnt signalling proteins were investigated to determine if they are altered by the antipsychotics clozapine or haloperidol in the(More)
The dopamine D2 receptor (D2DR) regulates Akt and may also target the Wnt pathway, two signalling cascades that inhibit glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3). This study examined whether the Wnt pathway is regulated by D2DR and the role of Akt and dishevelled-3 (Dvl-3) in regulating GSK-3 and the transcription factor β-catenin in the rat brain. Western(More)
The globus pallidus external segment forms a major target center of the mammalian striatum which is characterized by neurochemically distinct compartments. The present study was undertaken to determine if a corresponding compartmentalization exists within the globus pallidus external segment in the rat. Immunocytochemical examination of the calcium-binding(More)
Considerable evidence suggests that adolescent exposure to delta-9-tetrahydrocanabinol (THC), the psychoactive component in marijuana, increases the risk of developing schizophrenia-related symptoms in early adulthood. In the present study, we used a combination of behavioral and molecular analyses with in vivo neuronal electrophysiology to compare the(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors 2/3 (mGlu(2/3)) have been implicated in schizophrenia and as a novel treatment target for schizophrenia. The current study examined whether mGlu(2/3) regulates Akt (protein kinase B) and Wnt (Wingless/Int-1) signaling, two cascades associated with schizophrenia and modified by antipsychotics. Western blotting revealed(More)
Gap junctions have traditionally been described as transmembrane channels that facilitate intercellular communication via the passage of small molecules. Connexins, the basic building blocks of gap junctions, are expressed in most mammalian tissues including the developing and adult central nervous system. During brain development, connexins are temporally(More)
Somatostatin, neuropeptide Y, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase are colocalized within a small population of medium aspiny neurons in the caudate-putamen of the rat. The extent of colocalization, however, appears to be in dispute. In order to examine the question of colocalization between these three neuroactive substances, a series(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) has been implicated in the action of antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and antidepressants. Given that only antipsychotics are able to alleviate the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, the regulation of GSK-3 by antipsychotics would be expected to differ from other neuropsychiatric drugs if GSK-3 is involved in the(More)