Walter J. Koroshetz

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The National Institute on Aging and the Alzheimer's Association charged a workgroup with the task of revising the 1984 criteria for Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. The workgroup sought to ensure that the revised criteria would be flexible enough to be used by both general healthcare providers without access to neuropsychological testing, advanced(More)
Language comprises a lexicon for storing words and a grammar for generating rule-governed forms. Evidence is presented that the lexicon is part of a temporal-parietalhnedial-temporal "declarative memory" system and that granlmatical rules are processed by a frontamasal-ganglia "procedural" system. Patients produced past tenses of regular and novel verbs(More)
The National Institute on Aging and the Alzheimer’s Association charged a workgroup with the *Corresponding au E-mail address: gu 1552-5260/$ see fro doi:10.1016/j.jalz.201 task of revising the 1984 criteria for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia. The workgroup sought to ensure that the revised criteria would be flexible enough to be used by both general(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy may be used during acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel intracranial occlusion. First-generation MERCI devices achieved recanalization rates of 48% and, when coupled with intraarterial thrombolytic drugs, recanalization rates of 60% have been reported. Enhancements in embolectomy device design(More)
We describe electrophysiological properties of the O-2A glial progenitor cell in a new serum-free culture system. O-2A progenitors have many properties characteristic of neurons: they have glutamate-activated ion channels, express the neuronal form of the sodium channel, fire single regenerative potentials, and synthesize the neurotransmitter GABA by an(More)
The US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke convened major stakeholders in June 2012 to discuss how to improve the methodological reporting of animal studies in grant applications and publications. The main workshop recommendation is that at a minimum studies should report on sample-size estimation, whether and how animals were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Multiple biomarkers are used to quantify the severity of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to predict outcome. Few are satisfactory. CT and conventional MR imaging underestimate injury and correlate poorly with outcome. New MR imaging techniques, including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), can provide information about brain(More)
OBJECTIVE Standard MRI confirms the diagnosis of posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PLES), recently associated with an increasing number of medical conditions. In PLES, T2-weighted MRI demonstrates hyperintensity spreading out from posterior brain regions; the pathophysiology remains mysterious. In the acute setting, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI),(More)
BACKGROUND Most clinical symptoms of Huntington disease (HD) have been attributed to striatal degeneration, but extrastriatal degeneration may play an important role in the clinical symptoms because postmortem studies demonstrate that almost all brain structures atrophy. OBJECTIVE To fully characterize the morphometric changes that occur in vivo in HD. (More)
The initial observation of an expanded and unstable trinucleotide repeat in the Huntington's disease gene has now been confirmed and extended in 150 independent Huntington's disease families. HD chromosomes contained 37–86 repeat units, whereas normal chromosomes displayed 11–34 repeats. The HD repeat length was inversely correlated with the age of onset of(More)