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Globally, estimated costs to manage (i.e., remediate and monitor) contaminated sediments are in the billions of U.S. dollars. Biologically based approaches for assessing the contaminated sediments which pose the greatest ecological risk range from toxicity testing to benthic community analysis. In addition, chemically based sediment quality guidelines(More)
Publication sponsored by the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC). 2002. Photoduplication of this document is encouraged. Please give proper credit. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not(More)
An extension of the simultaneously extracted metals/acid-volatile sulfide (SEM/AVS) procedure is presented that predicts the acute and chronic sediment metals effects concentrations. A biotic ligand model (BLM) and a pore water-sediment partitioning model are used to predict the sediment concentration that is in equilibrium with the biotic ligand effects(More)
Ten-day acute mortality of the benthic amphipod Ampelisca abdita is used in a number of regulatory, research, and monitoring programs to evaluate chemical contamination of marine sediments. Although this endpoint has proven to be valuable for characterizing the relative toxicities of sediments, the significance of acute mortality with respect to population(More)
Because anterior knee pain syndrome is common in young paratroopers, we studied the role of the extensor mechanism in deceleration during the parachute landing fall (PLF) and the extent of knee flexion resulting from use of proper and variant landing styles. The subjects were novice paratroopers. Data were gathered by electromyography and by cinematography.(More)
Vertical and temporal variations of acid-volatile sulfides (AVS) and simultaneously extracted metals (SEM) in sediment can control biological impacts of metals. To assess the significance of these variations in field sediments, sediments spiked with cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, and zinc were deployed in Narragansett Bay for four months and recolonization(More)
In laboratory experiments, pseudorabies virus was readily recovered from within the body of houseflies (Musca domestica L) that had ingested the virus. Age of the fly and ambient temperature affected the rate of virus inactivation within the houseflies. Virus half-life in 3-day-old flies was 6.36 hours vs 2.81 hours in flies 8 or 13 days old. Half-life in(More)
In the United States, ambient aquatic life water quality criteria are derived using guidelines developed in 1985 that include a clear and consistent methodology using data from standard toxicity tests. The methodology from these guidelines has been successful, but a broader methodology is needed because some effects of pollutants do not lend themselves to(More)
Isolating and analyzing interstitial water (IW) during sediment toxicity tests enables researchers to relate concentrations of contaminants to responses of organisms, particularly when IW is a primary route of exposure to bioavailable contaminants by benthic dwelling organisms. We evaluate here the precision of sampling IW with the dialysis or 'peeper'(More)
Programs for evaluating proposed discharges of dredged material into waters of the United States specify a tiered testing and evaluation protocol that includes performance of acute and chronic bioassays to assess toxicity of the dredged sediments. Although these evaluations reflect the toxicological risks associated with disposal activities to some degree,(More)