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Hydrogen 1 (1H) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy enables noninvasive in vivo quantification of metabolite concentrations in the brain. Currently, metabolite concentrations are most often presented as ratios (eg, relative to creatine) rather than as absolute concentrations. Despite the success of this approach, it has recently been suggested that(More)
In the context of neuroimaging experiments, it is essential to account for the multiple comparisons problem when thresholding statistical mappings. Various methods are in use to deal with this issue, but they differ in their signal detection power for small- and large-scale effects. In this paper, we comprehensively describe a new method that is based on(More)
Advances in computational network analysis have enabled the characterization of topological properties in large scale networks including the human brain. Information on structural networks in the brain can be obtained in-vivo by performing tractography on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. However, little is known about the reproducibility of network(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Findings of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional MR (fMR) imaging of the cervical spinal cord, obtained by using a fist-clenching motor task, have been sporadically reported. Because spinal activation by sensory stimuli has a potential at least equal to that of fist clenching, its feasibility was assessed. Whether(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to localize and to investigate response properties of the primary (SI) and the secondary (SII) somatosensory cortex upon median nerve electrical stimulation. METHODS Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to quantify brain activation under different paradigms using electrical median nerve stimulation in(More)
PURPOSE Impaired memory performance is the most frequently reported cognitive problem in patients with chronic epilepsy. To examine memory deficits many studies have focused on the role of the mesiotemporal lobe, mostly with hippocampal abnormalities. However, the role of the prefrontal brain remains unresolved. To investigate the neuronal correlates of(More)
Although it is known that responses in the auditory cortex are evoked predominantly contralateral to the side of stimulation, the lateralization of responses at lower levels in the human central auditory system has hardly been studied. Furthermore, little is known on the functional interactions between the involved processing centers. In this study,(More)
BACKGROUND An often underestimated cognitive morbidity in patients with epilepsy is language dysfunction. To investigate the neuronal mechanisms underlying neuropsychological language impairment, activation maps and functional connectivity networks were studied by fMRI of language. METHOD Fifty-two patients with cryptogenic localization-related epilepsy(More)
In functional MRI experiments on the central auditory system, activation caused by acoustic scanner noise is a dominating factor that partially masks the hemodynamic response signals to sound stimuli of interest. In this study, the nonlinear interaction between auditory responses to single scans and those to tone stimuli was investigated. By using irregular(More)
BACKGROUND Both bevacizumab and erlotinib have clinical activity in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Preclinical data suggest synergistic activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Chemonaive patients with stage IIIb or IV non-squamous NSCLC were treated with bevacizumab 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks and erlotinib 150 mg daily until progression. Primary end point was(More)