Walter Guy Wiles

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Metformin, one of the most commonly used drugs for the treatment of type II diabetes, was recently found to exert its therapeutic effects, at least in part, by activating the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). However, the site of its action, as well as the mechanism to activate AMPK, remains elusive. Here we report how metformin activates AMPK. In(More)
Understanding remains incomplete of the mechanisms underlying initiation and progression of prostate cancer, the most commonly diagnosed cancer in American men. The transcription factor SOX4 is overexpressed in many human cancers, including prostate cancer, suggesting it may participate in prostate tumorigenesis. In this study, we investigated this(More)
Loss of LKB1 activity is prevalent in KRAS mutant lung adenocarcinoma and promotes aggressive and treatment-resistant tumors. Previous studies have shown that LKB1 is a negative regulator of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK), but in vivo studies testing the efficacy of FAK inhibition in LKB1 mutant cancers are lacking. Here, we took a pharmacologic approach(More)
BACKGROUND Sox4 is an essential gene, and genetic deletion results in embryonic lethality. In an effort to develop mice with tissue-specific deletion, we bred conditional knockout mice bearing LoxP recombination sites flanking the Sox4 gene, with the LoxP sites located in the Sox4 5'UTR and 3'UTR. RESULTS The number of mice homozygous for this(More)
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