Walter Grand

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OBJECTIVE We undertook this anatomic study of the insula to investigate its vasculature, morphological features, and surrounding cortical relationships. METHODS Under magnification of x2 to x32, 53 formalin-fixed, adult cadaver hemispheres were dissected. Overlying opercular landmarks were identified and used as guides to portions of the deeper insula. (More)
Because the prominent neovascularization characteristic of high grade primary brain tumors is composed mostly of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), we studied the expression of the potent smooth muscle mitogen endothelin-1 (ET-1) and one of its secretagogues, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in a series of astrocytic tumors. TGF-beta 1 is(More)
A modification of the supraorbital keyhole approach, the eyebrow incision-minisupraorbital craniotomy with orbital osteotomy, is described. Unique to this approach is a one-piece supraorbital craniotomy, measuring 2.5 x 3.5 cm, that incorporates the orbital rim and roof and the frontal process of the zygomatic bone through an eyebrow incision. The orbital(More)
OBJECTIVES A serious catastrophic complication of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is basilar artery (BA) damage. Although the BA has been discussed as the cause of haemorrhage and even pseudoaneurysm, variations of the posterior cerebral artery proximal segment (P1) and its protrusion into the third ventricle floor have not been emphasised. A series(More)
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a rare tumor of the skull base. As the incidence of primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma has increased, atypical presentations involving the skull or cranial base exclusively have been reported. In immunocompetent patients with no previous history or predisposing factors, the diagnosis of primary NHL of the skull(More)
Causes of unilateral hydrocephalus resulting from an obstruction at the Monro foramen include foraminal atresia, tumors, gliosis, contralateral shunting, and infectious and inflammatory conditions. However, few reports in the literature cite vascular lesions as the cause of the obstruction. To their knowledge, the authors present the first report of(More)
Eleven patients with lesions of the internal carotid and middle cerebral arteries that could not be treated by direct approach are presented. Major vessel occlusion was chosen as definitive therapy. Prophylactic extracranial-intracranial bypass was employed in an attempt to reduce the incidence of ischemic complications. Emphasis is placed on complications,(More)
The clinical symptoms of thirty patients with surgically treated posterior fossa meningiomas were reviewed. These included 16 cerebellopontine (CPA), 7 cerebellar, 4 carrefour-falco-tentorial (CFT), 2 foramen magnum, and 1 clivus meningiomas. Careful attention to clinical findings is necessary in diagnosing these tumors. With rare exception they have an(More)
Four cases are presented of marked periventricular oedema associated with hydrocephalus on CT scan. In one of the patients oedema, as well as the hydrocephalus, subsided after successful re-establishment of CSF absorption. The most likely explanation of the periventricular oedema is increased absorption of CSF by periventricular brain tissue.
OBJECT An opaque (neural) floor of the third ventricle is considered an obstacle to safe penetration of the floor of the third ventricle in endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). The direct technique of endoscopic coring ("cookie cut") of the opaque (neural) floor of the third ventricle is described in 41 cases among a total of 101 consecutive adult ETVs.(More)