Walter G Larsen

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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of responses to selected fragrance materials in patients with suspect fragrance allergy and to evaluate risk factors and associations with such responses. The validity of using specific fragrance ingredients versus a mixture of fragrances was evaluated in terms of predicting allergy to(More)
Responses to patch test substances may occur contemporaneously. Such simultaneous reactions may reflect concomitant sensitization to 2 dissimilar allergens to which concurrent exposure has taken place (e.g., ethylenediamine dihydrochloride and neomycin). It may occur when the individual has been exposed to only 1 of the substances and exhibits a response to(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of responses to selected fragrance materials in patients who were fragrance sensitive. 218 fragrance sensitive subjects were evaluated in eight centres worldwide with a fragrance mixture (FM) and 17 less well-studied fragrance materials. Reaction to the fragrance mixture (FM) occurred in 76% of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of responses to selected fragrance materials in patients who were fragrance sensitive. 178 patients were evaluated in 8 centers worldwide with a fragrance mix (FM) and 20 other fragrance materials. Reaction to the fragrance mixture (FM) occurred in 78.7% of the subjects. Substances reacting at a rate(More)
Between Jan. 1, 1984, and May 1, 1985, 1199 patients with suspected allergic contact dermatitis were patch tested with 32 "standard" allergens, 707 patients with 19 "vehicle and preservative" allergens, and 613 patients with 10 "special study" allergens. Ten dermatologists representing nine geographic centers collected and analyzed data with the use of the(More)
This prospective study (1977-1980) of cosmetic adverse reactions by eleven dermatologists identified 487 cases of cosmetic-induced dermatitis. Approximately half of the cases were covert in nature. Eight percent were due to allergic contact dermatitis; the face, eye, and upper arm were the most involved sites. Skin care products, hair preparations(More)
Patch tests to several screening sets of fragrance materials were performed on 20 perfume-sensitive patients. The most common allergens were found to be a jasmin synthetic (18 of 20 patients), cinnamic alcohol (15 of 20 patients), and hydroxycitronella (9 of 20 patients). More than half of the patients were also contact sensitive to other ingredients of(More)
Fragrance is the most common cause of cosmetic allergic contact dermatitis. Fragrance allergy detection is best accomplished by testing with the fragrance mixture, balsam of Peru, and either jasmine synthetic or absolute. It would be desirable to have common fragrance allergens listed on cosmetic labels so that patients could avoid the allergens to which(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of responses to four mixtures of fragrance materials in routine clinic patients undergoing patch testing for suspect allergic contact dermatitis. The validity of using fragrance mixtures alone, or in combination, was evaluated in terms of predicting allergy to fragrance judged on the basis of finding a response to at(More)