Walter G Ferlin

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Autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) and insulin-dependent diabetes (IDD) are believed to be mediated by pathogenic CD4+ autoreactive T cells which mediate selective destruction of specific host cells. Interrupting the trafficking of such T cells from host circulation to the sites of pathology, such as the central nervous system in the case of(More)
Innate immune responses triggered by the prototypical inflammatory stimulus LPS are mediated by TLR4 and involve the coordinated production of a multitude of inflammatory mediators, especially IL-6, which signals via the shared IL-6 cytokine family receptor subunit gp130. However, the exact role of IL-6, which can elicit either proinflammatory or(More)
Exposure to various pathogens can stimulate at least two patterns of cytokine production by CD4-positive T cells. Responses that result in secretion of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), lymphotoxin and interleukin-2 (IL-2) are classified as T-helper-1 (Th1); CD4+ T-cell production of IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-10 and IL-13 is called a T-helper-2 response (Th2).(More)
Crosspresentation of self-antigens by antigen-presenting cells is critical for the induction of peripheral tolerance. As apoptosis facilitates the entry of antigens into the crosspresentation pathway, we sought to prevent the development of autoimmune diabetes by inducing pancreatic beta cell apoptosis before disease onset. Accordingly, young nonobese(More)
Chemokines are key regulators of leukocyte trafficking and play a crucial role under homeostatic and inflammatory conditions. Because chemokines are involved in multiple pathologies, they represent an attractive class of therapeutic targets. However, because of the redundancy of this system, neutralizing a single chemokine may be insufficient to achieve(More)
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder caused by autoreactive T cells that mediate destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Studies have shown that T cell tolerance can be restored by inducing a partial or altered signal through the TCR. To investigate the potential of bivalent peptide-MHC class II/Ig fusion proteins as therapeutics(More)
Hereditary haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a fatal inflammatory disease and treatments currently may lead to serious side effects. There is a pressing need for effective, less toxic treatments for this disease. Previous reports have suggested that interferon gamma (IFNgamma) has a role in the pathogenesis of HLH. Here, we report that blocking(More)
IL-27 is formed by the association of a cytokine subunit, p28, with the soluble cytokine receptor EBV-induced gene 3 (EBI3). The IL-27R comprises gp130 and WSX-1. The marked difference between EBI3(-/-) and WSX-1(-/-) mice suggests that p28 has functions independent of EBI3. We have identified an alternative secreted complex formed by p28 and the soluble(More)
AIMS The chemokine CCL5 plays a critical role as neutrophil and macrophage activator do in atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. Thus, we investigated whether the treatment with a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) to mouse CCL5 would provide therapeutic benefit when provoking a coronary-associated ischaemic event. METHODS AND RESULTS C57Bl/6(More)
Natural killer (NK)-cell receptors (NKRs) on CD8+ T cells can modulate antigen-specific T-cell activity but their function and rules that govern their expression remain unclear. Recent work has provided new insight into CD94-NKG2A expression on T cells. Whereas upregulation on the cell surface is induced following T-cell receptor (TCR) engagement,(More)