Walter Franco Grigioni

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A fusion gene, echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK), with transforming activity has recently been identified in a subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but its pathogenetic, diagnostic, and therapeutic roles remain unclear. Both frequency and type of EML4-ALK transcripts were investigated by reverse(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular targets are needed for primary liver tumours. AIMS ErbB1 and ErbB2 expression was analysed in neoplastic and surrounding tissue in surgical specimens from 52 hepatocellular carcinomas and 48 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, randomly chosen from cases surgically treated in this institution. METHODS ErbB1 and ErbB2 expression were(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional imaging (CI) techniques are inadequate for lymph node (LN) staging in prostate cancer (PCa). OBJECTIVES To assess the accuracy of (11)C-Choline positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT) for LN staging in intermediate-risk and high-risk PCa and to compare it with two currently used nomograms. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively compare sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, three-dimensional (3D) MR spectroscopy, combined MR imaging and 3D MR spectroscopy, and carbon 11 (11C)-choline positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for intraprostatic tumor sextant localization, with histologic findings as reference(More)
OBJECTIVE A combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in young females with cancer has greatly enhanced the life expectancy of these patients, even if these treatments have a highly deleterious effect on the ovary and cause a severe depletion of the follicular store. Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue before chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, followed by(More)
Many mitogens and human oncogenes activate extracellular regulated kinases (ERKs), which in turn convey proliferation signals. ERKs or mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are inactivated in vitro by MAP kinase phosphatases (MKPs). The gene encoding one of these MKPs, MKP-1, is a serum-inducible gene and is transcriptionally activated by mitogenic(More)
AIM Only a minority of patients carrying a defined viral aetiologic agent develop cirrhosis and ultimately hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the mechanism underlying the worsening is still undefined. Experimental infection by Helicobacter hepaticus in mice causes chronic hepatitis and HCC and recently, more Helicobacter species (Helicobacter spp.) have been(More)
To analyze the potential diagnostic relevance of free plasma DNA (FPDNA), we enrolled 64 patients with localized prostate cancer (CaP). FPDNA was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction assessment of the HTERT gene in blood samples from 64 patients with CaP and 45 healthy males. Methylation of the GSTP1 gene was used to confirm the neoplastic(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS/METHODS The diagnosis of cirrhosis is currently based on percutaneous liver biopsy, although this procedure may give rise to false negative results. This prospective study blindly investigates the accuracy of an ultrasonographic score, derived from liver, spleen and portal vein features, in predicting the final diagnosis in 212 patients with(More)
Since it has been shown that Helicobacter hepaticus causes both chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in mice, it is suggested that differences in the progression of chronic hepatitis C may be due to a cofactor stemming from co-infection by bacteria, especially Helicobacter pylori, and/or other Helicobacter species. An assessment was made of(More)