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The article describes a database of emotional speech. Ten actors (5 female and 5 male) simulated the emotions, producing 10 German utterances (5 short and 5 longer sentences) which could be used in everyday communication and are interpretable in all applied emotions. The recordings were taken in an anechoic chamber with high-quality recording equipment. In(More)
This paper explores the perceptual relevance of acoustical correlates of emotional speech by means of speech synthesis. Besides, the research aims at the development of »emotion-rules« which enable an optimized speech synthesis system to generate emotional speech. Two investigations using this synthesizer are described: 1) the systematic variation of(More)
The present study aims at examining vocal expression of emotion. Emotionally loaded speech material produced by actors was analyzed with reference to the accuracy of articulation as well as to the duration of syllables and segments. It was investigated whether the vocal expression of several emotions (anger, happiness, fear and sadness) differ from one(More)
The authors propose a framework for audiovisual speech synthesis systems [1] and present a first implementation of the framework [2], which is called MASSY-Modular Audiovisual Speech SYnthesizer. This paper describes how the audiovisual speech synthesis system, the 'talking head', works, how it can be integrated into web-applications, and why it is(More)
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