Walter F. Sendlmeier

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The article describes a database of emotional speech. Ten actors (5 female and 5 male) simulated the emotions, producing 10 German utterances (5 short and 5 longer sentences) which could be used in everyday communication and are interpretable in all applied emotions. The recordings were taken in an anechoic chamber with high-quality recording equipment. In(More)
This paper explores the perceptual relevance of acoustical correlates of emotional speech by means of speech synthesis. Besides, the research aims at the development of »emotion-rules« which enable an optimized speech synthesis system to generate emotional speech. Two investigations using this synthesizer are described: 1) the systematic variation of(More)
In the present study, the vocal expressions of the emotions anger, happiness, fear, boredom and sadness are acoustically analyzed in relation to neutral speech. The emotional speech material produced by actors is investigated especially with regard to spectral and segmental changes which are caused by different articulatory behavior accompanying emotional(More)
Recent data on prosodic features of emotional speech in German are reported. Ten sentences, spoken by actors in a happy, fearful, sad, bored, angry and a neutral way served as the basis of the analyses. The features under investigation are 1. different range parameters (differences between sentence accent peak, word accent peaks, minima between accent peaks(More)
Emotions influence a person's way of speaking, and it is possible to identify the emotional state of a speaker by merely listening to spoken utterances. The purpose of this study is to distinguish between basic emotions by prosodic features, in particular by characteristics of the fundamental frequency (F 0). In addition to the measurement of global(More)
The present study aims at examining vocal expression of emotion. Emotionally loaded speech material produced by actors was analyzed with reference to the accuracy of articulation as well as to the duration of syllables and segments. It was investigated whether the vocal expression of several emotions (anger, happiness, fear and sadness) differ from one(More)
The place of articulation feature for stop consonants is subject to many errors in speech processing by hearing-impaired listeners. Attempts to improve the recognition of initial and final stop consonants by lowering the level of the first formant or-with a different approach-by narrowing the formant bandwidth of the first five formants only very partially(More)
This study examines the differences between young and old adult voices. Acoustic cues in voices that enable listeners to recognize a speaker's vocal age are specified as well as acoustic cues that straightly indicate the speaker's chronological age. Electroglottographic data were used to directly examine glottal behaviour in aging voices. We found a strong(More)