Walter E. Rodriguez

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Sustained pressure overload causes cardiac hypertrophy and the transition to heart failure. We show here that dietary supplementation with physiologically relevant levels of copper (Cu) reverses preestablished hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by pressure overload induced by ascending aortic constriction in a mouse model. The reversal occurs in the(More)
Cardiomyocyte N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor-1 (NMDA-R1) activation induces mitochondrial dysfunction. Matrix metalloproteinase protease (MMP) induction is a negative regulator of mitochondrial function. Elevated levels of homocysteine [hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY)] activate latent MMPs and causes myocardial contractile abnormalities. HHCY is associated with(More)
Homocysteine (HCY) activated mitochondrial matrix metalloproteinase-9 and led to cardiomyocyte dysfunction, in part, by inducing mitochondrial permeability (MPT). Treatment with MK-801 [N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist] ameliorated the HCY-induced decrease in myocyte contractility. However, the role of cardiomyocyte NMDA-receptor 1 (R1)(More)
Increased levels of homocysteine (Hcy), recognized as hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), were associated with cardiovascular diseases. There was controversy regarding the detrimental versus cardio protective role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in ischemic heart disease. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the Hcy generated(More)
Formation of homocysteine (Hcy) is the constitutive process of gene methylation. Hcy is primarily synthesized by de-methylation of methionine, in which s-adenosyl-methionine (SAM) is converted to s-adenosyl-homocysteine (SAH) by methyltransferase (MT). SAH is then hydrolyzed to Hcy and adenosine by SAH-hydrolase (SAHH). The accumulation of Hcy leads to(More)
Our hypothesis is that impairment of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) initiates renal dysfunction by increasing renal glomerular matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity because of increased renal homocysteine (Hcy) and decreased nitric oxide (NO) levels. C57BL/6J mice were made diabetic (D) by being fed a high-fat-calorie(More)
Accumulation of oxidized-matrix (fibrosis) between the endothelium (the endothelial cells embedded among the myocytes) and cardiomyocytes is a hallmark of diabetes mellitus and causes diastolic impairment. In diabetes mellitus, elevated levels of homocysteine activate matrix metalloproteinase and disconnect the endothelium from myocytes. Extracellular(More)
Elevated levels of homocysteine (Hcy) (known as hyperhomocysteinemia HHcy) are involved in dilated cardiomyopathy. Hcy chelates copper and impairs copper-dependent enzymes. Copper deficiency has been linked to cardiovascular disease. We tested the hypothesis that copper supplement regresses left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), fibrosis and endothelial(More)
This study aims to develop the first Latin-American risk model that can be used as a simple, pocket-card graphic score at bedside. The risk model was developed on 2903 patients who underwent cardiac surgery at the Spanish Hospital of Buenos Aires, Argentina, between June 1994 and December 1999. Internal validation was performed on 708 patients between(More)
Complications associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type-1diabetes) primarily represent vascular dysfunction that has its origin in the endothelium. While many of the vascular changes are more accountable in the late stages of type-1diabetes, changes that occur in the early or initial functional stages of this disease may precipitate these(More)