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Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a fatal, autosomal recessive lipidosis characterized by lysosomal accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and multiple neurological symptoms, such as vertical supranuclear ophthalmoplegia, progressive ataxia, and dementia. More than 90% of cases of NPC are due to a defect in Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1), a late endosomal,(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of self-protection against anti-donor blood-group antibody known as accommodation, we studied 16 human ABO-incompatible living-donor kidney transplant recipients at 3 and 12 months post transplantation. Both circulating anti-blood-group antibody and the target blood-group antigen in the graft were demonstrable in all patients(More)
Postkidney transplant hyperparathyroidism is a significant problem. Vitamin D receptor agonists are known to suppress parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. We examined the effect of oral paricalcitol on posttransplant secondary hyperparathyroidism by conducting an open label randomized trial in which 100 incident kidney transplant recipients were randomized(More)
Transplant glomerulopathy (TG) usually has been described as part of a constellation of late chronic histologic abnormalities associated with proteinuria and declining function. The current study used both protocol and clinically-indicated biopsies to investigate clinical and subclinical TG, their prognosis and possible association with alloantibody. We(More)
Lack of knowledge regarding specific causes for late loss of kidney transplants hampers improvements in long-term allograft survival. Kidney transplants with both interstitial fibrosis and subclinical inflammation but not fibrosis alone after 1 year have reduced survival. This study tested whether fibrosis with inflammation at 1 year associates with decline(More)
Previous studies suggest that the majority of renal allografts are affected by progressive, severe chronic histologic injury, yet studies using current protocols are lacking. The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence and progression of histologic changes using protocol allograft biopsies at 1 and 5 years after solitary kidney transplantation in(More)
Renal transplant candidates with high levels of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies have low transplantation rates and high mortality rates on dialysis. Using desensitization protocols, good short-term outcomes are possible in "positive crossmatch kidney transplants (+XMKTx)", but long-term outcome data are lacking. The aim of the current study was to(More)
INTRODUCTION Factors contributing to kidney transplant fibrosis remain incompletely understood, particularly in the absence of acute complications. METHODS Baseline and 1-year surveillance biopsies from 15 uncomplicated living donor kidney transplants were subjected to microarray and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)(More)
Microarrays provide a means to simultaneously examine the gene expression of the entire transcriptome in a single sample. Many studies have highlighted the need for novel software and statistical approaches to assess the measured gene expression. Less attention has been directed toward whether genes considered undetectable by microarray can be detected by(More)
BACKGROUND Renal dysfunction early after kidney transplantation has multiple causes including ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and drug-induced nephrotoxicity. This study assesses the acute nephrotoxicity of tacrolimus (Tac) and sirolimus (Sir) in a rat renal isograft model. METHODS Lewis renal isografts and uninephrectomized rats that did not undergo(More)