Walter Carlini

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of oral delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF; also known as gastro-resistant DMF) on MRI lesion activity and load, atrophy, and magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) measures from the Comparator and an Oral Fumarate in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (CONFIRM) study. METHODS CONFIRM was a 2-year, placebo-controlled(More)
To obtain an estimate of how often practicing neurologists in California encounter unexpected strokes, myelopathies, or radiculopathies following chiropractic manipulation, we surveyed each member of the American Academy of Neurology in California and inquired about the number of patients evaluated over the preceding 2 years who suffered a neurologic(More)
In gray matter (GM), anoxia induces prominent extracellular ionic changes that are important in understanding the pathophysiology of this insult. White matter (WM) is also injured by anoxia but the accompanying changes in extracellular ions have not been studied. To provide such information, the time course and magnitude of anoxia-induced changes in(More)
Analysis of neural activity-dependent fluctuations in K+, H+, and ECS dimensions in the developing RON has revealed major changes during the first two to three postnatal weeks. The emergence of the adult ceiling level for evoked extracellular K+ (10 to 12 mM) and significant ECS shrinkage are roughly correlated in time with the proliferation and maturation(More)
We examined the appearance of carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in rat optic nerves (RONs) 5-77 postnatal days of age and correlated the appearance of enzyme activity with structural and physiological alterations. CA activity was nearly absent before 10 days of age and appeared in this CNS white matter tract with a developmental time-course similar to that(More)
Murine NG108-15 neuroblastoma cells were heated for times of 5-40 min at 45.5 degrees C, and survival ranged from 0.7-0.0015, respectively. Ion-sensitive microelectrodes (ISM) were used to measure the free intracellular concentrations of Cl- and K+ immediately after heating and up to 30 hr later. The free intracellular Cl- and K+ concentrations, [Cl-]i and(More)
A simple procedure for manufacturing Cl-, K+, and pH liquid membrane ion-sensitive microelectrodes is presented in detail. Electrodes suitable for recording from the specimen of interest are back-filled with a small amount of silane solution and heated for 5 min on a hot plate at a temperature between 400 and 500 degrees C, after which they are injected(More)
The peripheral inflammatory response, as a proxy for the acute-phase response (a known mechanism for ischemic preconditioning), and non-damage-producing transient ischemia must exist together in humans if this candidate mechanism confers ischemic tolerance. The present study was aimed at determining whether the peripheral inflammatory response (ie, elevated(More)
Double-barreled ion-exchanger based K+-selective microelectrodes (K+ ISMs) of a variety of tip diameters were used to study the dependency of ion selectivity upon tip size. The selectivity of K+ ISMs depended on tip size and barrel configuration. Within the range of tip diameters tested (approximately 0.5-6 micron) all K+ ISMs constructed of two barrels(More)