Walter C. Pickett

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Leukotriene B4 exhibited 10- to 30-fold greater chemotactic potency for human neutrophils than eicosapentaenoic acid-derived leukotriene B5, as assessed in modified Boyden micropore filter chambers. In contrast, leukotrienes B4 and B5 were equipotent stimuli of human neutrophil lysosomal degranulation in vitro, as quantified by the release of(More)
BACKGROUND Selective proteolysis of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a proposed mechanism of contractile dysfunction in stunned myocardium, and the presence of cTnI degradation products in serum may reflect the functional state of the remaining viable myocardium. However, recent swine and canine studies have not demonstrated stunning-dependent cTnI degradation.(More)
Activating internal tandem duplication (ITD) insertions in the juxtamembrane domain of the FLT3 tyrosine kinase are found in about one fourth of patients with acute myeloid leukemia and have been shown to be an independent negative prognostic factor for survival. We show that sorafenib (BAY 43-9006, Nexavar) potently inhibits FLT3 enzymatic and signaling(More)
The lipoxygenation of arachidonic acid in basophils, mastocytoma cells, and other leukocytes generates the unstable intermediate 5-hydroperoxy-eicostaetraenoic acid, which is converted in part to a series of complex hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) with additional polar substituents and 3 conjugated double bonds. One of the products, 5,12-di-HETE, is(More)
The lipoxygenase products of arachidonic acid, 5-HPETE, 5-HETE, LTB4, LTC4 and LTD4, were examined for their capacity to enhance the expression of complement (C3b) receptors and to evoke chemotaxis of human neutrophils and eosinophils. With the exception of LTD4 all gave enhancement of C3b receptors. LTB4 and LTC4 enhanced over the concentration range(More)
Rat peripheral or elicited polymorphonuclear leukocytes 90% deficient in arachidonic acid incorporate, after stimulation with the calcium ionophore A23187, 86% less acetate into platelet-activating factor than control. The total amount of platelet-activating factor in the ionophore stimulated elicited polymorphonuclear leukocytes deficient in arachidonate,(More)
Caseinate elicited suspension of guinea pig peritoneal PMNs synthesized LTB4, 6t-LTB4, 12-epi-6t-LTB4 and 5HETE after incubations with A23187 and arachidonic acid. Concentrations of LTB4 peaked in 3 minutes and were then rapidly depleted. 6t-LTB4 and 12-epi-6t-LTB4 also peaked in concentrations in 3 min but were depleted slower than LTB4. NaCN inhibited the(More)
Bovine neutrophil activation, superoxide production, and beta-glucosaminadase release induced by various biological stimuli were examined. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) and recombinant bovine interleukin-1 beta (r-BoIL-1 beta) induced superoxide production and beta-glucosaminadase release in bovine neutrophils. When these two responses were compared, the(More)
The role of immunologically released mediators, such as histamine, leukotrienes, and platelet-activating factor, is well-established for asthma and other allergic disorders. Developing therapeutic agents which would block mediator release from mast cells and other relevant cell types would provide a rational approach to asthma therapy. Using human basophil(More)