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High-energy shock waves were used to disintegrate kidney stones in dogs and man. In 96% of 60 dogs with surgically implanted renal pelvic stones, the fragments were discharged in the urine. The same effect was achieved in 20 out of 21 patients with renal pelvic stones. In the twenty-first patient, a staghorn calculus was broken up to facilitate surgical(More)
We examined the influence of different shock wave application modes with a Dornier XL1 electrohydraulic lithotripter on the growth of A-Mel 3 and SSK2 tumors implanted under the dorsal skin of hamsters or mice. In a basic protocol, 500 shock waves a day on 4 consecutive days were administered at a discharge rate of 100 waves per minute and focused to the(More)
To substantiate the early results of extracorporeal shock-wave fragmentation of gallstones, we used this nonsurgical procedure to treat 175 patients with radiolucent gallbladder calculi. Chenodeoxycholic acid and ursodeoxycholic acid were administered as adjuvant litholytic therapy. The gallstones disintegrated in all patients except one and completely(More)
An animal model is described allowing for direct measurements of local tissue PO2, microhemodynamics and vascular density in the event of a prolonged non freezing cold injury. The model consists of implanting a transparent skin fold chamber in the dorsal skin fold in hamsters and of inserting two permanent indwelling catheters in jugular vein and carotid(More)
We performed extracorporeally induced destruction of kidney stones on 72 patients. No complications have resulted from the tissue exposure to high energy shock waves. Clearance studies before and after the shock wave treatment indicate no changes in renal function. The method was used successfully in all patients with stones in the renal pelvis. In none of(More)
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy combined with adjuvant bile-acid dissolution therapy results in complete clearance of stone fragments in a high percentage of selected patients with radiolucent gallbladder calculi. With the gallbladder in situ, these patients are at risk of stone recurrence. Therefore, the early rate of stone recurrence after(More)
L1210 cells were exposed in suspension to shock waves generated with a Dornier XL1 lithotripter. After 1000 discharges at 25 kV, the number of nondisrupted cells was 15% and the number of trypan blue excluding cells was 7% as compared to 100% in sham treated controls; the shock-wave effect was more prominent at higher voltages and less prominent at higher(More)
Animal experiments were performed to investigate bloodflow distribution before and after selective vagotomy to explain gastric mucosa necrosis found in some patients after vogtomy. Flow measurements were made using the microsphere technique. Changes in the microcirculation were determined under basal and stimulated conditions (250 mg 2-desoxy-D-glucose).(More)