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Opitz syndrome (OS) is an inherited disorder characterized by midline defects including hypertelorism, hypospadias, lip-palate-laryngotracheal clefts and imperforate anus. We have identified a new gene on Xp22, MID1 (Midline 1), which is disrupted in an OS patient carrying an X-chromosome inversion and is also mutated in several OS families. MID1 encodes a(More)
X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP) results from mutations in at least two different loci, designated RP2 and RP3, located at Xp11.3 and Xp21.1, respectively. The RP3 gene was recently isolated by positional cloning, whereas the RP2 locus was mapped genetically to a 5-cM interval. We have screened this region for genomic rearrangements by the YAC(More)
The gene for retinitis pigmentosa 3 (RP3), the most frequent form of X-linked RP (XLRP), has been mapped previously to a chromosome interval of less than 1000 kbp between the DXS1110 marker and the OTC locus at Xp21.1-p11.4. Employing a novel technique, YAC Representation Hybridization (YRH)', we have recently identified a small XLRP associated(More)
X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP) is a genetically heterogeneous group of progressive retinal degenerations. The disease process is initiated by premature apoptosis of rod photoreceptor cells in the retina, which leads to reduced visual acuity and, eventually, complete blindness. Mutations in the retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator ( RPGR ), a(More)
Functional L1 elements are autonomous retrotransposons that can insert into human genes and cause disease. To date, 10 of 12 known L1 retrotranspositions into human genes have been found to be 5"-truncated and incapable of further retrotransposition. Here we report the nucleotide sequences of the two full-length L1 elements, L1beta-thal and L1RP, that have(More)
Activins are a closely related subgroup within the TGFbeta superfamily of growth and differentiation factors. They consist of two disulfide-linked beta subunits. Four mammalian activin beta subunits termed beta(A), beta(B), beta(C), and beta(E), respectively, have been identified. Activin A, the homodimer of two beta(A) subunits, has important regulatory(More)
Human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is considered to be a chemotherapy-refractory malignancy. The underlying mechanisms remain rather obscure. The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), mediating a multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype, has been reported to be overexpressed in several drug-selected lung cancer cell lines. A few previous studies(More)
Mutant alleles are frequently characterized by low expression levels. Therefore, cDNA array-based gene expression profiling may be a promising strategy for identifying gene defects underlying monogenic disorders. To study the potential of this approach, we have generated an X chromosome-specific microarray carrying 2423 cloned cDNA fragments, which(More)
Human malignant melanoma is characterised by unresponsiveness to conventional chemotherapy. Melanoma-derived cell lines are often markedly chemoresistant, suggesting that cellular mechanisms mediate the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype. The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) is a drug transporter protein associated with resistance to a broad(More)
Mutations in the retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (RPGR) gene cause X-linked retinitis pigmentosa type 3 (RP3), a severe, progressive and degenerative retinal dystrophy eventually leading to complete blindness. RPGR is ubiquitously expressed, yet mutations in the RPGR gene lead to a retina-restricted phenotype. To date, all RP3 associated missense(More)