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The effect of using a 30% cutoff for the proportion of HER2+ cells on the interobserver variability in the interpretation of HER2 immunohistochemical results was evaluated. Immunostained sections from 96 cases of breast carcinoma were reviewed by 10 pathologists and scored as positive (3+) when uniform strong membranous staining was identified in at least(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical studies indicate that the enzyme cyclooxygenase 2 plays an important role in ultraviolet-induced skin cancers. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, as a chemopreventive agent for actinic keratoses, the premalignant precursor of nonmelanoma skin cancers, and for nonmelanoma skin cancers,(More)
Correlation of elevated levels of the lipogenic enzyme, fatty acid synthase (FASE), with advanced stages of some cancers has drawn attention to this enzyme as a possible marker of poor prognosis. Because recent studies have shown that cancer cells are dependent on fatty acid synthetic activity and pharmacologic inhibitors of this enzyme are selectively(More)
Sialic acid has been detected on the erythrocyte surface of a number of different species of animals. The objective of this investigation was to determine the physiological significance of these sialyl residues to the viability of erythrocytes in circulation. Methods have been described for the determination of total sialic acid on red blood cells and the(More)
The homeodomain transcription factor Nkx3.1 and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1 have both been implicated in prostate tumor suppression. In addition, both of these molecules demonstrate haploinsufficiency for tumor suppression, in which loss of a single allele is sufficient to lead to the development of preneoplastic or neoplastic lesions. We(More)
Superior-quality human tissues are required to support many types of biomedical research. To be useful optimally in supporting research, not only must these tissues be accurately diagnosed, but also the specific aliquots of tissue supplied to investigators must be accurately described as part of the quality control analysis of the tissue. Tissues should be(More)
Previous studies have shown that the protease-activated receptor 2 is involved in skin pigmentation through increased phagocytosis of melanosomes by keratinocytes. Ultraviolet irradiation is a potent stimulus for melanosome transfer. We show that protease-activated receptor 2 expression in human skin is upregulated by ultraviolet irradiation. Subjects with(More)
Desmoplastic fibroma is a benign intraosseous neoplasm that is recognized as the intraosseous counterpart of soft tissue fibromatosis in both gnathic and extragnathic sites. It has a propensity for locally aggressive behavior and local recurrence. In the present report, we define the clinicopathological and radiographic features of a desmoplastic fibroma of(More)
This two-part review presents an overview of the molecular findings associated with both benign and malignant chondroid neoplasms. This first part presents a brief review of methods in molecular pathology along with a review of the cytogenetic and molecular genetic findings in benign chondroid neoplasms. Clinical aspects of the various lesions are briefly(More)