Walter A. Frank

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The molecular dissection of desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Craterostigma plantagineum led to the isolation of two dehydration-stress inducible homeo-domain-leucine zipper genes (CPHB-1 and -2). When the coding region of CPHB-1 was used as bait in the yeast two-hybrid system, the ability of CPHB-1 to form homodimers was demonstrated. The(More)
The mechanisms plants use to adapt to abiotic stress have been widely studied in a number of seed plants. Major research has been focused on the isolation of stress-responsive genes as a means to understand the molecular events underlying the adaptation process. To study stress-related gene regulation in the moss Physcomitrella patens we have isolated two(More)
Phospholipids play an important role in many signaling pathways in animal cells. Signaling cascades are triggered by the activation of phospholipid cleaving enzymes such as phospholipases C, D (PLD), and A(2). Their activities result in the formation of second messengers and amplification of the initial signal. In this study, we provide experimental(More)
In mammalian cells, phospholipase D (PLD) and its product phosphatidic acid (PA) are involved in a number of signalling cascades, including cell proliferation, membrane trafficking and defence responses. In plant cells a signalling role for PLD and PA is also emerging. Plants have the extra ability to phosphorylate PA to produce diacylglycerol pyrophosphate(More)
In this paper we describe a noise reduction preprocessing algorithm for the adaptive multirate (AMR) speech codec of the GSM system. The algorithm is based on spectral weighting and explicitly takes into account the properties of the human auditory system. The weighting rule results in the smallest possible speech distortion under the constraint that the(More)
Reaction of 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-benzoquinone (DDQ) with secondary enaminones yields surprisingly 2-aza-spiro[4,5]decatrienes. The reaction occurs via cyclisation of the primary Michael-adduct with the nitrile group. Reaction of DDQ with tertiary and also certain secondary enamines leads to 3-amino-benzo[b]furan derivatives. This is formed not by(More)
7-Benzylamino-6-chloro-2-piperazino-4-pyrrolidinopteridine (7a) is a potent inhibitor of the cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase isoenzyme family PDE4 and induces growth inhibition in a panel of tumor cell lines. In this study, we describe a synthesis that yields 7a and novel derivatives free of positional isomers. The synthesis of alkylamino substituted(More)