Wallace P. Adams

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This study investigated the effect of modifying the design of the Cyclohaler on its aerosolization performance and comparability to the HandiHaler at multiple flow rates. The Cyclohaler and HandiHaler were designated as model test and reference unit-dose, capsule-based dry powder inhalers (DPIs), respectively. The flow field, pressure drop, and carrier(More)
Dry powder inhalers (DPIs) are used to deliver locally acting drugs (e.g., bronchodilators and corticosteroids) for treatment of lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Demonstrating bioequivalence (BE) for DPI products is challenging, primarily due to an incomplete understanding of the relevance of drug concentrations(More)
Bioavailability and/or bioequivalence studies play a key role in the drug development period for both new drug products and their generic equivalents. For both, these studies are also important in the postapproval period in the presence of certain manufacturing changes. Like many regulatory studies, the assessment of bioavailability and bioequivalence can(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using Raman chemical imaging (i.e., Raman imaging microspectroscopy) to establish chemical identity, particle size and particle size distribution (PSD) for a representative corticosteroid in aqueous nasal spray suspension formulations. MATERIALS AND METHODS The Raman imaging PSD protocol was(More)
This March 2009 Workshop Summary Report was sponsored by Product Quality Research Institute (PQRI) based on a proposal by the Inhalation and Nasal Technology Focus Group (INTFG) of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS). Participants from the pharmaceutical industry, academia and regulatory bodies from the United States, Europe, India,(More)
In April 2010 a workshop on the "Role of Pharmacokinetics in Establishing Bioequivalence for Orally Inhaled Drug Products" was sponsored by the Product Quality Research Institute (PQRI) in coordination with Respiratory Drug Delivery (RDD) 2010. The objective of the workshop was to evaluate the current state of knowledge and identify gaps in information(More)
The purpose of this article is to present the thought process, methods, and interim results of a PQRI Working Group, which was charged with evaluating the chi-square ratio test as a potential method for determining in vitro equivalence of aerodynamic particle size distribution (APSD) profiles obtained from cascade impactor measurements. Because this test(More)
The study examined the sensitivity of DPI in vitro performance to formulation and device changes. Rotahaler/Rotacaps was selected as the reference DPI drug product, and Aerolizer was selected as the test device. Since the test device was recognized to have much greater efficiency of dispersion, simple modifications to both formulation and device were made(More)
Demonstration of equivalence in aerodynamic particle size distribution (APSD; e.g., by comparing cascade impactor (CI) profiles) constitutes one of key in vitro tests for supporting bioequivalence between test (T) and reference (R) orally inhaled drug products (OIDPs). A chi-square ratio statistic (CSRS) was previously proposed for equivalence testing of CI(More)
The purpose of this article is to report final results of the evaluation of a chi-square ratio test proposed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for demonstrating equivalence of aerodynamic particle size distribution (APSD) profiles of nasal and orally inhaled drug products. A working group of the Product Quality Research Institute previously(More)