Wallace Martin

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Secreted antigens of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) induce strong T cell responses and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) secretion, both of which are integral in the defense against Mtb. We used web-based tools (SignaIP and Prosite) to identify putative secreted proteins from Mtb genomes CDC 1551 and H37Rv. We then used EpiMatrix, a proprietary(More)
Many therapeutic proteins in clinical use have been shown to elicit antibody responses which in some cases have been linked to adverse events. Conventional animal models, although convenient, have rarely been predictive of immunogenicity in humans. New methods for predicting the potential immunogenicity of therapeutic proteins are needed. This treatise(More)
Bioinformatics tools enable researchers to move rapidly from genome sequence to vaccine design. EpiMer and EpiMatrix are computer-driven pattern-matching algorithms that identify T cell epitopes. Conservatrix, BlastiMer, and Patent-Blast permit the analysis of protein sequences for highly conserved regions, for homology with other known proteins, and for(More)
The design of epitope-driven vaccines for HIV has been significantly hampered by concerns about conservation of vaccine epitopes across clades of HIV. In previous work, we have described a computer-driven method for a cross-clade HIV vaccine comprised of overlapping, highly conserved helper T-cell epitopes or "immunogenic consensus sequence epitopes" (ICS(More)
The Blastocladiomycota is a recently described phylum of ecologically diverse zoosporic fungi whose species have not been thoroughly sampled and placed within a molecular phylogeny. In this study, we investigated the phylogeny of the Blastocladiomycota based on ribosomal DNA sequences from strains identified by traditional morphological and ultrastructural(More)
Defined T cell epitopes for West Nile (WN) virus may be useful for developing subunit vaccines against WN virus infection and diagnostic reagents to detect WN virus-specific immune response. We applied a bioinformatics (EpiMatrix) approach to search the WN virus NY99 genome for HLA B*07 restricted cytotoxic T cell (CTL) epitopes. Ninety-five of 3,433 WN(More)
HIV genomic sequence variability has complicated efforts to generate an effective globally relevant vaccine. Regions of the viral genome conserved in sequence and across time may represent the "Achilles' heel" of HIV. In this study, highly conserved T-cell epitopes were selected using immunoinformatics tools combining HLA-A2 supertype binding predictions(More)
Because of the increase in the number of PGM1 polymorphisms and the existence of four distinct nomenclatures for expressing subtypes by isoelectric focusing, a nomenclature workshop was held in 1983 to compare variants and arrive at a single method for reporting PGM1 data. A total of 30 rare variants were identified and the recommended method for expressing(More)
Methods Analysis was performed in 2003 on 10,803 HIV-1 sequences, and again in 2009, on an expanded set of 43,822 sequences. These were searched for conserved 910-mer segments with the EpiMatrix suite of immunoinformatic algorithms. From the most highly conserved (>5% isolates) or top 1,000 scoring 9-mers, HLA Class I binding sequences and Class II(More)