Wallace Hau Leung So

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Early studies revealed that cigarette smoke promotes gastric cancer growth through the induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Nicotine, one of the active ingredients in cigarette smoke, has detrimental effects in the stomach. To date, there is no direct evidence to validate the effect of nicotine on gastric tumor growth and its carcinogenic mechanism(s). We(More)
BACKGROUND Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which has been shown to have potent antioxidant effect, comprises 80% of catechins in Chinese green tea. This study was to investigate whether cigarette smoke (CS) exposure would induce lung morphological changes and oxidative stress in the CS-exposed rat model, and whether Chinese green tea (Lung Chen tea with(More)
The gastric mucosa is frequently exposed to different exogenous and endogenous ulcerative agents. Alcoholism is one of the risk factors for the development of mucosal damage in the stomach. This study aimed to assess if a probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) is capable of protecting the gastric mucosa from acute damage induced by intragastric(More)
Although the ulcerogenic action of corticosteroids in the stomach is controversial, its action on ulcer healing has not been defined. In this study, we used non-ulcerogenic doses of dexamethasone (0.1 or 0.2 mg/kg/day) to explore the adverse effect on ulcer healing as well as its pathological mechanisms in rat stomach. In this regard, we measured ulcer(More)
Probiotics are widely used as functional foods which have been advocated for the maintenance of gastrointestinal microflora equilibrium and treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. However, studying the role of probiotics in peptic ulcer disease is limited. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of a probiotic strain Lactobacillus(More)
Cyclophosphamide (CY) is a cytostatic agent that produces systemic toxicity especially on cells with high proliferative capacity, while polysaccharides from Angelica sinensis (AP) have been shown to increase the turnover of gastrointestinal mucosal and hemopoietic stem cells. It is not known whether AP has an effect on CY-induced cytotoxicity on bone marrow(More)
Cathelicidin, a cationic host defense peptide, has been shown to promote cutaneous wound repair and reaches high levels in the gastric mucosa during infection and inflammation. Therefore, we investigated whether this peptide contributes to gastric ulcer healing in rats. Ulcer induction increased the expression of rat cathelicidin rCRAMP in the gastric(More)
Morphine pretreatment protects against stress-induced gastric ulceration, however, the exact mechanism is still undefined. Interestingly, the effect of morphine on ulcer healing has not been investigated. In this report, we would like to study these effects in a defined stress ulcer model and to delineate a new implication for morphine to promote stress(More)
TNF-alpha is a cytokine produced during gastric mucosal injury. We examined whether TNF-alpha could promote mucosal repair by stimulation of epithelial cell proliferation and explored further the underlying mechanisms in a rat gastric mucosal epithelial cell line (RGM-1). TNF-alpha treatment (1-10 ng/ml) for 12 or 24 h significantly increased cell(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacteria pylori infection of gastroduodenal mucosa is strongly associated with gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. The aims of the present study were to compare the gastroduodenal mucosal levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor (EGFR) among H. pylori-negative controls and H. pylori infected patients with chronic active(More)