Wallace Clark

Learn More
Wound healing is a localized process which involves inflammation, wound cell migration and mitosis, neovascularization, and regeneration of the extracellular matrix. Recent data suggest the actions of wound cells may be regulated by local production of peptide growth factors which influence wound cells through autocrine and paracrine mechanisms. Two peptide(More)
Mice lacking the perforin gene were generated by using targeted gene disruption in embryonal stem cells. When infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), perforin-less (-/-) mice showed clear signs of having mounted an immune response based on activation of CD8 T cells but were unable to clear the LCMV infection. This failure to eliminate virus(More)
Classical phenomenological approaches to the study of the mechanism of T-cell-mediated cytotoxicity have now given way to a search for molecules involved in this function; this is attempted either by subcellular and biochemical fractionation of material from cytotoxic cells, or through the characterization of molecules recognized by cytotoxicity-inhibiting(More)
Cytotoxic T cells secrete perforin to kill virus-infected cells. In this study we show that perforin also plays a role in immune regulation. Perforin-deficient (perf -/-) mice chronically infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) contained greater numbers of antiviral T cells compared to persistently infected +/+ mice. The enhanced expansion(More)
The importance of the hepatic portal circulation in the response to insulin was assessed in streptozotocin-diabetic rats transplanted with syngeneic fetal pancreases. Partial reversal of diabetes was accomplished by transplantation of two or three fetal pancreases beneath the capsule of the kidney; complete reversal followed shunting of the venous drainage(More)
Serum samples from raccoons (Procyon lotor), striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis), Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana), and free-ranging house cats trapped in Iowa between 1984 and 1988 were tested for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii using the modified direct agglutination test (MAT). Antibody titers > or = 1:32 were considered indicative of(More)
Between 1984 and 1988, a study was conducted to evaluate the frequency of rabies virus neutralizing antibodies in raccoons (Procyon lotor) in two counties in Iowa. Nine hundred eighty five raccoons were trapped and tagged in Guthrie and Cerro Gordo counties during the spring, summer and fall of each year. Sex, age and weight were recorded for each animal(More)