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Old World Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Refugee Crises in the Middle East and North Africa
The Syrian refugee crisis has precipitated a catastrophic outbreak of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis now affecting hundreds of thousands of people living in refugee camps or trapped in conflictExpand
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Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Conflict in Syria
To the Editor: War, infection, and disease have always made intimate bedfellows, with disease recrudescence characterizing most conflict zones (1). Recently, increasing violence from civil war andExpand
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A new perspective on cutaneous leishmaniasis—Implications for global prevalence and burden of disease estimates
This article considers the current public health perspective on cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and its implications for incidence, prevalence, and global burden of disease calculations. CL is the mostExpand
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A review of visceral leishmaniasis during the conflict in South Sudan and the consequences for East African countries
BackgroundVisceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused predominantly by Leishmania donovani and transmitted by both Phlebotomus orientalis and Phlebotomus martini, is highly endemic in East Africa whereExpand
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An α-Gal-containing neoglycoprotein-based vaccine partially protects against murine cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major
Background Protozoan parasites from the genus Leishmania cause broad clinical manifestations known as leishmaniases, which affect millions of people worldwide. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), caused byExpand
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Cutaneous leishmaniasis and co-morbid major depressive disorder: A systematic review with burden estimates
Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) associated with chronic neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) has been identified as a significant and overlooked contributor to overall disease burden.Expand
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Severity of Old World Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Is Influenced by Previous Exposure to Sandfly Bites in Saudi Arabia
Background The sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi is the vector of Leishmania major, the main causative agent of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Saudi Arabia. Sandflies inject saliva whileExpand
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Anti-&agr;-Gal antibodies detected by novel neoglycoproteins as a diagnostic tool for Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major
Outbreaks of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) have significantly increased due to the conflicts in the Middle East, with most of the cases occurring in resource-limited areas such as refugeeExpand
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Hajj, Umrah, and the neglected tropical diseases
Together, the Hajj and Umrah rank among the leading global venues that host annual mass human migrations. The Hajj is an annual pilgrimage to the Islamic holy city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia (Fig 1).Expand
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