Walderico M Generoso

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Chemicals, by virtue of their varied interactions with biological molecules, are expected to differ in the way they may alter female reproduction. Reproductive toxicity may reflect effects either on the female germ cells or on various maternal processes such as ovulation, implantation, pregnancy, and parturition. In either case, the ultimate manifestation(More)
Ethylene oxide has been shown to be an effective mutagen in a variety of organisms ranging from bacteria to mammalian cells. There is also an association between ethylene oxide exposure and human somatic cell cytogenetic damage. Furthermore, ethylene oxide has been shown to alkylate protein and DNA at exposure levels that have been encountered(More)
Acrylamide is used extensively in sewage and wastewater treatment plants, in the paper and pulp industry, in treatment of potable water, and in research laboratories for chromatography, electrophoresis, and electron microscopy. Dermal contact is a major route of human exposure. It has been shown that acrylamide is highly effective in breaking chromosomes of(More)
When previously mated female mice were exposed to inhaled ethylene oxide at the time of fertilization of their eggs or during early pronuclear stage of the zygote (before DNA synthesis), a high incidence of mortality among conceptuses and of congenital abnormalities among both the dead and the surviving fetuses was observed. The developmental stage at which(More)
Timing of development of naturally ovulated mouse eggs from sperm penetration to first cleavage, including that of DNA synthesis, was established. In an attempt to limit variability, partial synchronization of ovulation was accomplished by shortening the length of the dark period to five hours, and partial synchronization of sperm entry was attempted by(More)
Results of continuing studies indicate that the mouse zygote and two-cell embryo stages are a window of susceptibility in the experimental induction of congenital anomalies with certain mutagenic agents. The mechanisms by which the mutagens initiate the pathogenesis of these developmental defects are not known. However, in certain cases there is evidence(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene was tested for induction of dominant-lethal mutations in germ cells of male mice. Clear-cut dominant-lethal effects were induced in middle and early spermatozoa. In contrast to the dominant-lethal observed the study showed no detectable increase in heritable translocations for these stages over the spontaneous level. Thus, the results provide(More)
Reciprocal translocations have provided crucial tools for the localization of genes associated with a variety of human cancers and hereditary diseases. Although heritable translocations are relatively rare in humans, they can be easily induced in mice through exposure of male germ cells at specific spermatogenic stages to different types of radiation and(More)
Ammoniated glycyrrhizin, butylated hydroxytoluene, and gum Arabic are "generally recognized as safe" (GRAS) substances that are used primarily as additives in foods. These substances were incorporated into rodent diets and fed to male rats and mice for 10 and 8 wk, respectively. The treated male mice and rats were then tested for dominant lethal effects.(More)
For some chemicals, induction of presumed dominant lethal mutations has been observed only in female mice and not in males. In those cases, questions arise as to (1) whether the increased embryonic mortality is due to genetic effects of the chemicals in the oocyte or, (2) is caused indirectly through maternal toxicity, and, if genetic, (3) the basis for the(More)