Walburga Dieterich

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Celiac disease is characterized by small intestinal damage with loss of absorptive villi and hyperplasia of the crypts, typically leading to malabsorption. In addition to nutrient deficiencies, prolonged celiac disease is associated with an increased risk for malignancy, especially intestinal T-cell lymphoma. Celiac disease is precipitated by ingestion of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Immunoglobulin A (IgA) autoantibodies to endomysium (EMA) are highly specific and sensitive markers for celiac disease. Recently, we identified tissue transglutaminase (tTG) as the major if not sole endomysial autoantigen. METHODS An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established to measure IgA anti-tTG titers in serum samples(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The ubiquitous cross-linking enzyme tissue transglutaminase (TG2) has been implicated in irreversible collagen stabilization in liver fibrosis, although functional evidence is lacking. We studied the contribution of TG2 to hepatic fibrotic matrix stability, as well as liver fibrosis progression and regression in TG2-deficient mice. (More)
Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS) is a syndrome characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten-containing food, in subjects that are not affected by either celiac disease or wheat allergy. Given the lack of a NCGS biomarker, there is the need for standardizing the procedure leading to the diagnosis(More)
Through its ability to bind extracellular matrix constituents and growth factors the small leucine-rich chondroitin/dermatan sulfate proteoglycan decorin which is present in many types of connective tissues may play an important biological role in remodeling and maintenance of extracellular matrices during inflammation, fibrosis, and cancer growth. In this(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Coeliac disease (CD) is characterised by the presence of autoantibodies against tissue transglutaminase (tTG), the endomysial autoantigen. This study was performed to determine the effect of purified autoantibodies on the enzymatic activity of tTG. METHODS Total IgA and IgG class antibodies and purified anti-tTG autoantibodies were(More)
Dermatitis herpetiformis is a gluten-sensitive disease with a symmetrically distributed blistering over extensor surfaces. The association with celiac disease is further supported by the high rate of immunoglobulin A autoantibodies to endomysium in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis, which are highly specific and sensitive indicators of celiac disease.(More)
BACKGROUND Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is highly associated with celiac disease. Recently, tissue transglutaminase (tTG) was identified as the autoantigen of IgA antibodies in celiac disease. The prevalence of antibodies to tTG in DH patients is not known. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether DH patients show circulating IgA(More)
This study was done to further reveal the role of the innate immune system in celiac disease. Dendritic cells were matured from venous blood of patients with active or treated celiac disease and DQ2–DQ8-positive or negative controls. Dendritic cells were treated with a peptic–tryptic digest of gliadin (500 μg/ml) and their activation was analyzed by(More)