Learn More
Celiac disease is characterized by small intestinal damage with loss of absorptive villi and hyperplasia of the crypts, typically leading to malabsorption. In addition to nutrient deficiencies, prolonged celiac disease is associated with an increased risk for malignancy, especially intestinal T-cell lymphoma. Celiac disease is precipitated by ingestion of(More)
Dermatitis herpetiformis is a gluten-sensitive disease with a symmetrically distributed blistering over extensor surfaces. The association with celiac disease is further supported by the high rate of immunoglobulin A autoantibodies to endomysium in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis, which are highly specific and sensitive indicators of celiac disease.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The ubiquitous cross-linking enzyme tissue transglutaminase (TG2) has been implicated in irreversible collagen stabilization in liver fibrosis, although functional evidence is lacking. We studied the contribution of TG2 to hepatic fibrotic matrix stability, as well as liver fibrosis progression and regression in TG2-deficient mice. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Immunoglobulin A (IgA) autoantibodies to endomysium (EMA) are highly specific and sensitive markers for celiac disease. Recently, we identified tissue transglutaminase (tTG) as the major if not sole endomysial autoantigen. METHODS An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established to measure IgA anti-tTG titers in serum samples(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Intestinal inflammation in coeliac disease is driven by the gluten fraction of wheat proteins. Deamidation or cross linking of gluten peptides by tissue transglutaminase (tTG), the coeliac disease autoantigen, creates potent T cell stimulatory peptides. Therefore, our aim was to identify the reaction patterns of gluten peptides,(More)
Collagen XIV, a fibril-associated collagen with interrupted triple helices, is expressed in differentiated soft connective tissues and in cartilage. However, a cellular receptor for this protein has not been identified. Here we show that human placental collagen XIV, isolated by a mild and simple two-step method, serves as adhesive protein for a variety of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Coeliac disease (CD) is characterised by the presence of autoantibodies against tissue transglutaminase (tTG), the endomysial autoantigen. This study was performed to determine the effect of purified autoantibodies on the enzymatic activity of tTG. METHODS Total IgA and IgG class antibodies and purified anti-tTG autoantibodies were(More)
AIMS To investigate the clinical significance of the determination of IgA antibodies to tissue transglutaminase (tTG) for the detection of silent coeliac disease in patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS A total of 520 patients with diabetes (median age 14.2 years, range 1-27) were tested for IgA antibodies to tTG (IgA anti-tTG, ELISA),(More)