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Membrane-permeable arginine-rich peptides, such as HIV-1 Tat-(48-60), HIV-1 Rev-(34-50), and flock house virus (FHV) coat-(35-49), have been shown to possess the ability to transfect COS-7 cells with luciferase-coding plasmid as efficiently as polyarginine (MW 5000-15 000) and polylysine (MW 9800). Not only these virus-derived cationic peptides but also(More)
A basic peptide derived from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 Tat protein (positions 48-60) has been reported to have the ability to translocate through the cell membranes and accumulate in the nucleus, the characteristics of which are utilized for the delivery of exogenous proteins into cells. Based on the fluorescence microscopic observations of mouse(More)
Zinc (Zn) is an essential trace metal required by many enzymes and transcription factors for their activity or the maintenance of their structure. Zn has a variety of effects in the immune responses and inflammation, although it has not been well known how Zn affects these reactions on the molecular basis. We here showed that Zn suppresses T(h)17-mediated(More)
The human SLC39A13 gene encodes ZIP13, a member of the LZT (LIV-1 subfamily of ZIP zinc transporters) family. The ZIP13 protein is important for connective tissue development, and its loss of function is causative for the spondylocheiro dysplastic form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. However, this protein has not been characterized in detail. Here we report the(More)
Aberrant zinc (Zn) homeostasis is associated with abnormal control of mammalian growth, although the molecular mechanisms of Zn's roles in regulating systemic growth remain to be clarified. Here we report that the cell membrane-localized Zn transporter SLC39A14 controls G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR)-mediated signaling. Mice lacking Slc39a14 (Slc39a14-KO(More)
Recent studies have shown that zinc ion (Zn) can behave as an intracellular signaling molecule. We previously demonstrated that mast cells stimulated through the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) rapidly release intracellular Zn from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and we named this phenomenon the "Zn wave". However, the molecules responsible for releasing(More)
Although phenotypically polarized macrophages are now generally classified into two major subtypes termed proinflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages, a contributory role of lung M2 macrophages in the pathophysiological features of acute lung injury is not fully understood. Herein, we show in an endotoxemic murine model that M2 macrophages serve(More)
Investigation of interactions between hydrophobic model peptides and lipid bilayers is perhaps the only way to elucidate the principles of the folding and stability of membrane proteins (White, S. H., and Wimley, W. C. (1998) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1367, 339-352). We designed the completely hydrophobic "inert" peptide modeling a transmembrane (TM) helix(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac dysfunction is a frequent and severe complication of septic shock and contributes to the high mortality of sepsis. Although several mechanisms have been suspected to be responsible for sepsis-associated cardiac dysfunction, the precise cause(s) remains unclear to date. MATERIALS AND METHODS We tested the hypothesis that cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVES The calcium sensitizer levosimendan is used in treatment of decompensated heart failure and may also exhibit anti-inflammatory properties. We examined whether treatment with levosimendan is substantially beneficial in mice with cecal ligation and puncture-induced polymicrobial sepsis, and its arbitration mechanism was explored in the mouse(More)