Wakako Yamada

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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are sustained in a specific microenvironment known as the stem cell niche. Mammalian HSCs are kept quiescent in the endosteal niche, a hypoxic zone of the bone marrow (BM). In this study, we show that normal HSCs maintain intracellular hypoxia and stabilize hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) protein. In(More)
Mammalian spermatogenesis is maintained by stem cell capacity within undifferentiated spermatogonial subpopulation. Here, using a combination of surface markers, we describe a purification method for undifferentiated spermatogonia. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that this population is composed of Plzf-positive cells and exhibits quiescence and the side(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is difficult because it requires microscopic examination to identify pneumocystis from induced sputum or BAL fluid. STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of four serum markers-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), (1-->3) beta-D-glucan (beta-D-glucan), KL-6, and C-reactive protein (CRP)-in the diagnosis(More)
RATIONALE The interaction of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands often leads to inflammatory processes or tissue injury, although the effect of the blockade of RAGE signaling on lung injury remains to be investigated. OBJECTIVES Using a murine model of lung injury induced by intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we(More)
A small GTPase, Rho, plays key roles in cell adhesion, motility, and contraction after stimulation. Among Rho effectors isolated, the family of Rho-associated coiled-coil-forming protein kinases (ROCK) is implicated in Rho-mediated cell adhesion and smooth muscle contraction. The effect of a specific inhibitor of ROCK, Y-27632, was evaluated in a murine(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases, but its role in bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung injury and subsequent fibrotic changes remains to be determined. We evaluated the role of IL-6 in the lung inflammatory changes induced by BLM using wild-type (WT) and IL-6-deficient (IL-6(-/-)) mice. The mice were(More)
BACKGROUND In the cochlea, patterning of the organ of Corti is tightly regulated to produce a single row of sound-detecting inner hair cells and three rows of outer hair cells, which amplify and refine the signal. The recently identified R-Spondin family of signaling molecules usually act as co-activators of Wnt signaling; it is thought that they regulate(More)
The binding of multivalent antigen-antibody complexes to receptors for the Fc portion of IgG (FcgammaR) induces the clustering of the FcgammaR and triggers cell activation leading to defence reactions against pathogens. The Fc portion of IgG consists of two identical polypeptide chains which are related to each other by a 2-fold axis and are folded in two(More)
We hypothesized that the extent of acute lung injury (ALI) caused by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is modified with its initial passage through the liver. We tested this hypothesis by administering LPS, 5 mg/kg, or saline to 120 male Wistar rats via the portal vein (PV) or the inferior vena cava (IVC) over 1 h. Four experimental groups of rats were administered(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a substance that stimulates new blood vessel formation, is an important survival factor for endothelial cells. Although overexpressed VEGF in the lung induces pulmonary edema with increased lung vascular permeability, the role of VEGF in the development of acute lung injury remains to be determined. (More)