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BACKGROUND Disruption of corneal epithelial barrier function by inflammation may contribute to the development of dry eye. The effects of rebamipide, a drug used for the treatment of dry eye, on barrier function and cytokine expression in a human corneal epithelial (HCE) cell line were examined. METHODS Barrier function of HCE cells was evaluated by(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin (IL)-17-producing Th17 cells play a crucial role in the development of experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU). Recent studies revealed that the production of cytokines such as IL-17 is controlled by microRNA (miRNA). Here the authors investigated the expression of miRNA in the eye during the development of EAU. METHODS To induce(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether inflammatory responses are more severe in uveitic eyes than nonuveitic eyes when acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted after cataract surgery. METHODS Clear lens removal (phacoemulsification and aspiration) was conducted and the hydrophobic acrylic IOL (AR40e, AMO) was implanted in adult albino rabbits. Just after the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the roles of interaction between OX40 and OX40 ligand (OX40L) in the development of experimental allergic conjunctivitis (EC) in mice. METHODS BALB/c mice actively immunized with short ragweed pollen (RW) were intraperitoneally injected on days 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 with agonistic anti-OX40 Ab, blocking anti-OX40L Ab, or normal rat(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophils are important effector cells in severe allergic conjunctivitis such as vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Infiltration of eosinophils into the conjunctiva is mediated by type I and type IV allergic reactions. Cyclosporin A (CsA) eye drops are administered therapeutically for severe allergic conjunctivitis, but the mechanism by which CsA(More)
PURPOSE To investigate antigen (Ag) specificity, activation, and effector function of the Ag-specific T cells involved in the development of experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis (EC), an experimental conjunctivitis. METHODS EC was induced in Brown Norway rats by injection of ovalbumin (OVA)-specific T cells followed by OVA challenge with(More)
The 4-1BB receptor acts as a costimulator in CD8(+) T cell activation. Agonistic stimulation through this molecule by treatment with anti-4-1BB Abs has been demonstrated to inhibit various experimentally induced diseases in animals. However, the effect of anti-4-1BB Abs on experimental allergic diseases has not been reported. We investigated the effect of(More)
Balb/c and C57BL/6 mice have been reported to be biased towards Th2 and Th1 immune responses, respectively. We investigated which strain is more susceptible to the development of experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis (EC), which is predominantly mediated by Th2 immune responses. EC was induced by three different methods in Balb/c and C57BL/6(More)
It is still unclear whether the interaction between inducible costimulator (ICOS) and its ligand, B7 related protein (B7RP)-1, is important for the development of allergic diseases. We investigated whether blocking the ICOS/B7RP-1 interaction affects the development of murine experimental allergic conjunctivitis (EC). EC was induced in Balb/c mice either by(More)