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Exposure to metabolic disease during fetal development alters cellular differentiation and perturbs metabolic homeostasis, but the underlying molecular regulators of this phenomenon in muscle cells are not completely understood. To address this, we undertook a computational approach to identify cooperating partners of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2)(More)
Despite the progress that has been made over the past two decades in cardiovascular research, heart failure remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Insight into the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie the heart failure in individuals with ischemic heart disease have identified defects in cellular processes that govern(More)
A delicate balance exists between cell growth and cell death. In the context of the adult myocardium, inappropriate or inordinate cell loss through an apoptotic process may profoundly influence cardiac structure, function, or both given the limited and meager ability of the heart for repair after injury. Earlier work by the authors' laboratory identified a(More)
Cardiac disease is a global epidemic that is on the rise, despite the recent advances in cardiovascular research. Once the myocardium is injured, it has a limited capacity to activate reparative mechanisms to restore proper cardiac function, leading to the development of systemic heart failure. Autophagy, under certain conditions, may result in cell death,(More)
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has increased dramatically over the past two decades, not only among adults but also among adolescents. T2D is a systemic disorder affecting every organ system and is especially damaging to the cardiovascular system, predisposing individuals to severe cardiac and vascular complications. The precise mechanisms that(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to determine the in vitro effect(s) of a bovine-based human breast milk fortifier (HMF) on human intestinal cells. HMF increases the expression of BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein (Bnip3) and cell death; the prostaglandin analogue misoprostol will rescue this effect. METHODS Cultured(More)
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