Wajiha Basit

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Antibody diversification processes play a major role in protecting humans from pathogens. Somatic hypermutation and gene conversion increase the affinity of pathogen-specific antibodies by changing the sequence within antibody variable genes, while the class switch recombination (CSR) process changes the antibody's effector function by replacing the(More)
DNA breaks caused by recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG1) and activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) induce c-myc/immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain chromosomal translocations and thereby stimulate lymphomagenesis. However, constitutive expression of c-myc alone is not sufficient to induce lymphomas. Because RAG1 and AID activity occurs outside of Ig(More)
It is unknown how activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) targets immunoglobulin (Ig) genes during somatic hypermutation. Results to date are difficult to interpret: while some results argue that Ig genes have special sequences that mobilize AID, other work shows that non-Ig transgenes mutate. In this report, we have examined the effects of the intronic(More)
Somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination are initiated by the enzyme activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID). Although other models exist for AID function, one model suggests that AID initiates these processes by deaminating cytidines within DNA, thereby initiating mutagenic repair pathways that involve either UNG or Msh2. Recent work shows(More)
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