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Mitochondrial-nucleus cross talks and mitochondrial retrograde regulation can play a significant role in cellular properties. Transmitochondrial cybrid systems (cybrids) are an excellent tool to study specific effects of altered mitochondria under a defined nuclear background. The majority of the studies using the cybrid model focused on the significance of(More)
In spite of recent evidence showing the importance of DBY (DEAD-box RNA helicase Y) in spermatogenesis in human, the biologic role of its homolog Dby (also known as Ddx3y) in the mouse is less clear. The present study aims at characterizing the molecular structure of Dby and comparing its expression with its X- and autosome-linked homologs in embryonic(More)
The human umbilical cord perivascular cells (HUCPVCs) have been considered as an alternative source of mesenchymal progenitors for cell based regenerative medicine. However, the biological properties of these cells remain to be well characterized. In the present study, HUCPVCs were isolated and sorted by CD146(+) pericyte marker. The purified CD146(+)(More)
To characterize the molecular phenotype of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), we examined genes that are differentially expressed in the stem/progenitor spermatogonia compared to nonstem spermatogonia. We isolated type A spermatogonia (stem and nonstem type A) from 6-day-old mice using sedimentation velocity at unit gravity and further selected the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, well-conserved noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. They have been demonstrated to regulate a lot of biological pathways and cellular functions. Many miRNAs are dynamically regulated during central nervous system (CNS) development and are spatially expressed in adult brain indicating(More)
Gene expression profiling was performed using the National Institute on Aging 15,000-cDNA microarray to reveal the differential expression pattern of 160 genes between meiotic pachytene spermatocytes and postmeiotic round spermatids of the mouse. Our results indicate that more genes are expressed in spermatids than in spermatocytes. Genes participating in(More)
The gene networks underlying closure of the optic fissure during vertebrate eye development are poorly understood. Here, we profile global gene expression during optic fissure closure using laser capture microdissected (LCM) tissue from the margins of the fissure. From these data, we identify a unique role for the C(2)H(2) zinc finger proteins Nlz1 and Nlz2(More)
BACKGROUND TSPY is a repeated gene mapped to the critical region harboring the gonadoblastoma locus on the Y chromosome (GBY), the only oncogenic locus on this male-specific chromosome. Elevated levels of TSPY have been observed in gonadoblastoma specimens and a variety of other tumor tissues, including testicular germ cell tumors, prostate cancer,(More)
Complementary DNA microarray and quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used as tools for discovering genes that are differentially expressed in the mouse under normal physiological conditions at distinctive stages of male germ cell development, that is, type A spermatogonia, pachytene spermatocytes, and round spermatids. By using this strategy, we(More)
BACKGROUND Insensitivity of advanced-stage prostate cancer to androgen ablation therapy is a serious problem in clinical practice because it is associated with aggressive progression and poor prognosis. Targeted therapeutic drug discovery efforts are thwarted by lack of adequate knowledge of gene(s) associated with prostate tumorigenesis. Therefore there is(More)