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Uptake of the neurotransmitter glutamate is effected primarily by transporters expressed on astrocytes, and downregulation of these transporters leads to seizures and neuronal death. Neurons also express a glutamate transporter, termed excitatory amino acid carrier-1 (EAAC1), but the physiological function of this transporter remains uncertain. Here we(More)
Sustained activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) both promote neuronal death. Here we identify a direct link between these two cell death pathways. In a rat model of hypoglycemic brain injury, neuronal PARP-1 activation and subsequent neuronal death were blocked by the ERK1/2 inhibitor(More)
Mitochondrial-nucleus cross talks and mitochondrial retrograde regulation can play a significant role in cellular properties. Transmitochondrial cybrid systems (cybrids) are an excellent tool to study specific effects of altered mitochondria under a defined nuclear background. The majority of the studies using the cybrid model focused on the significance of(More)
UNLABELLED Cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria) are engineered nanoparticles whose versatility is due to their unique redox properties. We and others have demonstrated that naked nanoceria can act as antioxidants to protect cells against oxidative damage. Although the redox properties may be beneficial, the genome-wide effects of nanoceria on gene(More)
GermSAGE is a comprehensive web-based database generated by Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE) representing major stages in mouse male germ cell development, with 150,000 sequence tags in each SAGE library. A total of 452,095 tags derived from type A spermatogonia (Spga), pachytene spermatocytes (Spcy) and round spermatids (Sptd) were included.(More)
SUMMARY Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) provides an alternative, with additional advantages, to microarray gene expression studies. GonadSAGE is the first publicly available web-based SAGE database on male gonad development that covers six male mouse embryonic gonad stages, including E10.5, E11.5, E12.5, E13.5, E15.5 and E17.5. The sequence(More)
In spite of recent evidence showing the importance of DBY (DEAD-box RNA helicase Y) in spermatogenesis in human, the biologic role of its homolog Dby (also known as Ddx3y) in the mouse is less clear. The present study aims at characterizing the molecular structure of Dby and comparing its expression with its X- and autosome-linked homologs in embryonic(More)
Alveoli form, in part, by subdivision (septation) of saccules constituting the gas exchange region of the immature lung. Rat lungs septate from postnatal day 4 through 14 but alveoli in male rats continue to form, by other means, until about age 44 days. In rats, we sought to identify genes involved in septation. Using differential display reverse(More)
Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) provides a global analysis platform for profiling mRNA populations present in cells of interest without the constraint of gene selection and the ambiguous nature of data obtained. However, most of the reports on SAGE and germ cell development are limited to descriptive analyses. Here, we report a series of(More)
DNA methylation is an important form of epigenetic regulation in both normal development and cancer. Methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 1 (MBD1) is highly related to DNA methylation. Its MBD domain recognizes and binds to methylated CpGs. This binding allows it to trigger methylation of H3K9 and results in transcriptional repression. The CXXC3 domain of MBD1(More)