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This paper addresses two questions: 1) What is the relation of hemoglobin in the second gestational month to preterm birth and low birth weight? 2) How does the relation differ when hemoglobin in the fifth or eighth month or the lowest pregnancy hemoglobin are examined in place of first trimester values? These relations were examined prospectively in 829(More)
AIMS To compare sleep habits and disturbances between Malaysian children with epilepsy and their siblings (age range 4-18 years) and to determine the factors associated with greater sleep disturbance. METHODS The Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) questionnaire was completed by the primary caregiver for 92 epileptic children (mean age 11.1 years,(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to compare the frequency and type of sleep disturbances in a group of Malaysian children aged 4 to 18 years with cerebral palsy (CP) with their nearest-age, able-bodied siblings and to identify factors associated with sleep disturbances. METHOD The study was a case-control study of 109 children with CP (61 males, 48 females;(More)
Scalene node biopsy was done in 42 patients with previously undiagnosed intrathoracic lesions. A definite histologic diagnosis was obtained in 25 patients. Scalene node biopsy is not only a valuable diagnostic procedure for intrathoracic lesions, but many times it may obviate the necessity of exploratory thoracotomy. If a diagnosis of carcinoma of lung is(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous calcium supplements are often required following parathyroidectomy to avoid postoperative hypocalcaemia. The aim of this study was to compare application effect of a femoral central venous catheter (CVC) and peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) on intravenous calcium supplements after parathyroidectomy. METHODS We(More)
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