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To evaluate the effects of intensive rehabilitation on the functional outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), we carried out a randomized controlled assessor-blind trial, comparing two groups of patients receiving different intensities of rehabilitation treatment (2 versus 4 h per day). Patients with moderate and severe TBI, aged from 12 to(More)
We performed a randomized, double-blind, pilot study on magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) infusion for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).Sixty patients with SAH were randomly allocated to receive either MgSO4 80 mmol/day or saline infusion for 14 days. Patients also received intravenous nimodipine. Episodes of vasospasm were treated with hypertensive and(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is the most abundant water channel in the rat brain. In this study, the distribution pattern and mRNA expression levels of AQP4 were examined in a severe traumatic brain injury model by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Oedema formation and blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity were assessed by(More)
Bone development is dynamically regulated by homeostasis, in which a balance between adipocytes and osteoblasts is maintained. Disruption of this differentiation balance leads to various bone-related metabolic diseases, including osteoporosis. In the present study, a primate-specific microRNA (miR-637) was found to be involved in the differentiation of(More)
Although diffuse axonal injury (DAI) has been described as a major form of primary damage to the brain in blunt head injury, there has been no systematic study of the pathological changes in different regions of the brain. In this study, 22 cases of DAI were comprehensively examined histologically in the following areas: corpus callosum, internal capsule,(More)
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a unique tumor composed of interstitial dendritic cells that was first described in the thorax and subsequently reported in diverse organs. Extrathoracic SFTs are predominantly benign but rare malignant cases have been documented. In the nervous system, SFT has been described as a meningeal lesion although all 14 previously(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous meta-analyses of magnesium sulphate infusion in the treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have become outdated due to recently published clinical trials. Our aim was thus to perform an up-to-date systemic review and meta-analysis of published data on the use of magnesium sulphate infusion in aneurysmal SAH patients. (More)
OBJECTIVE Neurosurgical resources are concentrated in tertiary referral centers, whereas emergencies identified from district general hospitals are traditionally referred by telephone consultation (TC). Recent advances in communication technology offer the alternative options of teleradiology (TR) and video consultation (VC). This study aimed to determine(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the predictive value of prognosis of different computed tomography (CT) features and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (NIHSS) in acute extensive middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarct. METHODS Fifty five patients with acute extensive MCA infarct had the CT performed within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms. A total of 11(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the profiles and prognostic values of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and delayed cerebral infarction. METHODS IMASH (Intravenous Magnesium Sulphate for Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage) was registered at http://www.strokecenter.org/trials , and http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00124150). Data of 327 patients were(More)