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To evaluate the effects of intensive rehabilitation on the functional outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), we carried out a randomized controlled assessor-blind trial, comparing two groups of patients receiving different intensities of rehabilitation treatment (2 versus 4 h per day). Patients with moderate and severe TBI, aged from 12 to(More)
We performed a randomized, double-blind, pilot study on magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) infusion for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).Sixty patients with SAH were randomly allocated to receive either MgSO4 80 mmol/day or saline infusion for 14 days. Patients also received intravenous nimodipine. Episodes of vasospasm were treated with hypertensive and(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is the most abundant water channel in the rat brain. In this study, the distribution pattern and mRNA expression levels of AQP4 were examined in a severe traumatic brain injury model by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Oedema formation and blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity were assessed by(More)
Bone development is dynamically regulated by homeostasis, in which a balance between adipocytes and osteoblasts is maintained. Disruption of this differentiation balance leads to various bone-related metabolic diseases, including osteoporosis. In the present study, a primate-specific microRNA (miR-637) was found to be involved in the differentiation of(More)
OBJECT Few studies have been conducted to investigate the genomic survey of oncogene amplification in medulloblastoma. Low frequency of N-myc, C-myc, and epidermal grow factor receptor (EGFR) gene amplification (< 10%) has been reported in medulloblastoma. Previous comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) study of primary medulloblastomas has revealed(More)
Although diffuse axonal injury (DAI) has been described as a major form of primary damage to the brain in blunt head injury, there has been no systematic study of the pathological changes in different regions of the brain. In this study, 22 cases of DAI were comprehensively examined histologically in the following areas: corpus callosum, internal capsule,(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that women with traumatic brain injury have more favorable outcomes than do men because of higher levels of circulating estrogen and progesterone that may reduce brain edema. OBJECTIVES To determine whether there is any association between sex and mortality in TBI patients and whether there is any association between sex(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapy (MT) and social support (SS) in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. METHODS We performed an assessor-blinded randomized control trial. Sixty patients with drug-resistant epilepsy were randomly allocated to MT or SS (30 per group). Each group received 4 biweekly intervention(More)
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a unique tumor composed of interstitial dendritic cells that was first described in the thorax and subsequently reported in diverse organs. Extrathoracic SFTs are predominantly benign but rare malignant cases have been documented. In the nervous system, SFT has been described as a meningeal lesion although all 14 previously(More)
The authors studied 31 comatose head-injured patients to assess the clinical usefulness of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) in continuous autoregulation monitoring. The LDF probes were placed on the surface of the cerebral cortex. Data on LDF, intracranial pressure (ICP), and arterial blood pressure (ABP) were recorded and continuously entered into a computer.(More)