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DNA helicases open the duplex during DNA replication, repair and transcription. However, RNA polymerase II is the only member of its family with this requirement; RNA polymerases I and III and bacterial RNA polymerases open DNA without a helicase. In this report, characterization of XPB mutants indicates that its helicase activity is not used for RNA(More)
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is often used as a genetic system to model processes that apply to higher cells. Here S.pombe was used to study promoter DNA opening and transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II. The melted region within the adh promoter is about 20 bp in size and has the start site near its center. This arrangement is(More)
We have used the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe to establish both a biochemical and genetic system to study the roles of general transcription factors in transcription initiation. Extracts were prepared that faithfully transcribed S. pombe promoters and the results confirm that, in contrast to the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in vitro(More)
A dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) was purified to homogeneity using lys-ala-beta-naphthylamide, the standard substrate for DPP II. The enzyme is a monomer with a Mr of 70kDa, pl 5.2, and Km 5.0 microM. Its terminal amino acid sequence was XXLLYAIQKRLF and was not identical to that of any known protein. Although initially considered to be a DPP II, the enzyme(More)
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