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Etoposide, an anti-neoplastic agent and a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), exhibits variable oral bioavailability. P-gp, the multidrug resistance gene (mdr1) product, has been considered as an absorption barrier against intestinal drug absorption. Terfenadine, an antihistamine, has been shown to be a P-gp inhibitor. The current study was designed to(More)
Whole cell voltage clamp recordings were used to investigate the effects of thromboxane A2 (TXA2) agonists on the voltage-dependent Ca2+ currents in rat hippocampal CA1 neurons. TXA2 agonists [1S-[1 alpha, 2 beta(5Z), 3 alpha(1E, 3S*)4 alpha ]]-7-[3-[3-hydroxy-4-(4'-iodophenoxy)-1-butenyl]-7-oxabicyclo [2,2,1]heptan-2-yl]-5-heptenoic acid (I-BOP) and(More)
1. The effects of the selective thromboxane A2 (TXA2) receptor agonist I-BOP on neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission were studied in the CAl neurones of rat hippocampal slices by an intracellular recording technique. 2. Superfusion of I-BOP (0.5 microM) resulted in a biphasic change of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (e.p.s.p.), which was(More)
Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) induces megakaryocytopoeisis in human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells which is characterized by the increase in cell size, increase in nuclear polyploidization and expression of megakaryocyte marker, CD41. However, upon treatment with 100 nM of selective prostacyclin (IP) agonist beraprost inhibits the induced(More)
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) regulates many vital functions such as metabolism, proliferation, differentiation and death. Depending on cell types and stimulators, cAMP could either promote or attenuate cell death. cAMP signal can be transduced by protein kinase A (PKA) and/or exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (EPAC). In CML cells, cAMP(More)
PURPOSE Interventions targeting multiple risk behaviors have the potential to offer greater health benefits on public health. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a Workplace Multiple Cardiovascular Disease Risks Reduction Program (WMCVDRRP) on male participants at high risk for cardiovascular disease. METHODS One group(More)
Myeloid leukemia cells maintain a high intracellular ROS level and use redox signals for survival. The metabolism of ROS also affects cell fate, including cell death and differentiation. Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are major antioxidant enzymes that have high levels of expression in myeloid leukemia cells. However, the role of SODs in the regulation of(More)
After spinal cord injury, inflammatory reaction induces the aggregation of astrocytes to form a glial scar that eventually blocks axonal regeneration. Transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta (C/EBPδ) is a regulatory protein of genes responsive to inflammatory factors, but its role in glial scar formation after spinal cord injury remains(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated patients' perceptions and expectations of their families' participation in the informed consent process of elective surgery. METHODS This is a survey study. Anonymous questionnaires that were mailed to potential participants included a demographic data sheet and a scale, measuring patients' perceptions of themselves and(More)