Wai-Ming Kan

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Etoposide, an anti-neoplastic agent and a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), exhibits variable oral bioavailability. P-gp, the multidrug resistance gene (mdr1) product, has been considered as an absorption barrier against intestinal drug absorption. Terfenadine, an antihistamine, has been shown to be a P-gp inhibitor. The current study was designed to(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated patients' perceptions and expectations of their families' participation in the informed consent process of elective surgery. METHODS This is a survey study. Anonymous questionnaires that were mailed to potential participants included a demographic data sheet and a scale, measuring patients' perceptions of themselves and(More)
1. The effects of the selective thromboxane A2 (TXA2) receptor agonist I-BOP on neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission were studied in the CAl neurones of rat hippocampal slices by an intracellular recording technique. 2. Superfusion of I-BOP (0.5 microM) resulted in a biphasic change of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (e.p.s.p.), which was(More)
Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) induces megakaryocytopoeisis in human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells which is characterized by the increase in cell size, increase in nuclear polyploidization and expression of megakaryocyte marker, CD41. However, upon treatment with 100 nM of selective prostacyclin (IP) agonist beraprost inhibits the induced(More)
Whole cell voltage clamp recordings were used to investigate the effects of thromboxane A2 (TXA2) agonists on the voltage-dependent Ca2+ currents in rat hippocampal CA1 neurons. TXA2 agonists [1S-[1 alpha, 2 beta(5Z), 3 alpha(1E, 3S*)4 alpha ]]-7-[3-[3-hydroxy-4-(4'-iodophenoxy)-1-butenyl]-7-oxabicyclo [2,2,1]heptan-2-yl]-5-heptenoic acid (I-BOP) and(More)
After spinal cord injury, inflammatory reaction induces the aggregation of astrocytes to form a glial scar that eventually blocks axonal regeneration. Transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta (C/EBPδ) is a regulatory protein of genes responsive to inflammatory factors, but its role in glial scar formation after spinal cord injury remains(More)
To investigate whether the endothelium-platelet interactions may be altered by plasminogen activation, cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECs) were treated with tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in the presence of plasminogen, and platelet adhesion to ECs was subsequently measured by using a tapered flow chamber. Our results(More)
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) regulates many vital functions such as metabolism, proliferation, differentiation and death. Depending on cell types and stimulators, cAMP could either promote or attenuate cell death. cAMP signal can be transduced by protein kinase A (PKA) and/or exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (EPAC). In CML cells, cAMP(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by the expression of the oncoprotein, BCR-ABL. BCR-ABL inhibitors revolutionized CML chemotherapy while blast crisis (BC) CML patients are less responsive. Since suppression of ribosomal protein S6 kinase1 (S6K1) phosphorylation reverses the resistance to BCR-ABL inhibitor in CML cells and S6K1 inhibitors(More)
Cancer cells may acquire drug resistance by activating DNA repair signaling. Poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) plays an important role in DNA repair and it is overexpressed in many cancers including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). PARP inhibitors have been used either alone or with other drugs to augment cancer cell death. However, whether PARP inhibitors(More)