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HER2 is a validated target in breast cancer therapy. Two drugs are currently approved for HER2-positive breast cancer: trastuzumab (Herceptin), introduced in 1998, and lapatinib (Tykerb), in 2007. Despite these advances, some patients progress through therapy and succumb to their disease. A variation on antibody-targeted therapy is utilization of antibodies(More)
The HER2 protooncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase, p185HER2. The overexpression of p185HER2 has been associated with a worsened prognosis in certain human cancers. In the present work we have screened a variety of different tumor cell lines for p185HER2 expression using both enzyme-linked immunosorbent and fluorescence-activated cell sorting assays(More)
The reactive thiol in cysteine is used for coupling maleimide linkers in the generation of antibody conjugates. To assess the impact of the conjugation site, we engineered cysteines into a therapeutic HER2/neu antibody at three sites differing in solvent accessibility and local charge. The highly solvent-accessible site rapidly lost conjugated(More)
Thapsigargin, a tumour-promoting sesquiterpene lactone, selectively inhibits the Ca(2+)-ATPase responsible for Ca2+ accumulation by the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Mobilization of ER-sequestered Ca2+ to the cytosol and to the extracellular fluid subsequently ensues, with concomitant alteration of cellular functions. Thapsigargin was found to serve as a(More)
Thrombopoietin, the ligand for the c-mpl receptor, promotes proliferation and maturation of megakaryocytes. An ELISA using a chimaeric receptor, mpl-IgG, for capture, and rabbit antibody to thrombopoietin for detection was developed for the quantitation of thrombopoietin in human serum or plasma. This ELISA preferentially detects full-length thrombopoietin(More)
PURPOSE This study examined the effectiveness of early and prolonged mu4D5 (the murine form of trastuzumab/Herceptin) treatment in transgenic mice that overexpress human HER2 (huHER2), under the murine mammary tumor virus promoter, as a model of huHER2-overexpressing breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Mice were randomly assigned to one of three treatment(More)
We present a detailed comparative analysis of the PDZ domains of the human LAP proteins Erbin, Densin-180, and Scribble and the MAGUK ZO-1. Phage-displayed peptide libraries and in vitro affinity assays were used to define ligand binding profiles for each domain. The analysis reveals the importance of interactions with all four C-terminal residues of the(More)
CD22 represents a promising target for antibody-drug conjugate therapy in the context of B cell malignancies since it rapidly internalizes, importing specifically bound antibodies with it. To determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of anti-CD22-MCC-DM1 and MC-MMAF conjugates, various approaches to quantifying total and conjugated antibody were(More)
Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) acts as a co-receptor for class 3 semaphorins and vascular endothelial growth factor and is an attractive angiogenesis target for cancer therapy. In addition to the transmembrane form, naturally occurring soluble NRP1 proteins containing part of the extracellular domain have been identified in tissues and a cell line. We developed ELISAs(More)
In this study we have characterized the cell surface interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptor in HepG2 hepatoma cells. We found that HepG2 cells bind both IL-1 alpha and beta with high affinity, KDs of 136 and 180 pM and receptor densities of 16,000 and 8500 binding sites/cell respectively. The binding sites appeared to be predominantly type II since phorbol ester(More)