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BACKGROUND Therapy for chronic hepatitis B reduces the risk of progressing to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, there is no suitable and accurate means to assess risk. This study aimed to develop and validate a simple scoring system to predict HCC risk in patients with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS The development cohort consisted of 3584 patients(More)
The current available agents for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) include immunomodulatory agents, such as interferon-α and pegylated interferon-α, and oral nucleoside/nucleotide analogues (NAs), including lamivudine, adefovir, telbivudine, entecavir and tenofovir. The NAs work mainly by inhibiting hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA polymerase activity(More)
PURPOSE Patterns of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) -negative, antihepatitis B core antigen antibody (anti-HBc) -positive patients with lymphoma receiving rituximab-containing chemotherapy have not been well described. PATIENTS AND METHODS HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive Chinese patients with undetectable(More)
We studied the intrahepatic hepatitis B virus (HBV) replicative status in 40 people with occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) and 40 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Intrahepatic HBV DNA, covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA), and pre-genomic RNA (pgRNA) were quantified. Patients with OBI had median necroinflammation and fibrosis scores of 1 and 0,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The off-treatment durability of nucleos(t)ide analogue therapy in Asian hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and the role of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels in predicting off-treatment durability has not been well investigated. METHODS Following Asia-Pacific Association for the Study of the(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to determine whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-S deletion was an independent factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Pre-S deletions were determined in HBV isolates from 115 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with HCC. Sixty-nine patients were further matched with 69 CHB patients without HCC for age,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Patterns of serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) decline during nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) therapy have not been well investigated. METHODS We determined the cumulative serologic, virologic, and biochemical outcomes of 142 Asian CHB patients, with at least 6 months exposure to other NAs, receiving tenofovir with or without(More)
BACKGROUND The roles of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at HLA-DP and IL28B loci on hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection are unknown. METHODS We compared the HLA-DP (rs3077, rs9277378, rs3128917) and IL28B (rs12979860, rs8099917) polymorphisms of 203 CHB patients achieving spontaneous HBsAg(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The association between HLA-DP single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection varies between different populations. We aimed to study the association between HLA-DP SNPs and HBV infection and disease activity in the Chinese population of Hong Kong. METHODS We genotyped SNPs rs3077 (near HLA-DPA1)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The significance of early HBV DNA suppression during telbivudine treatment in predicting long-term outcomes needs further investigation. METHODS We determined the cumulative rates of HBeAg seroconversion, ALT normalization, HBV DNA suppression (<12IU/ml) and telbivudine resistant mutations (using the highly sensitive line probe assay)(More)