Wai Kan Tsang

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Recent studies have demonstrated that the self-stimulation phenomenon may provide a useful technique for investigating the rewarding properties of potentially addictive drugs such as morphine. The present study attempted to examine the nature of morphine's effects on self-stimulation by observing changes in rate-intensity functions following morphine(More)
There has been some controversy whether experimenter-administered electrical stimulation of the brain is aversive or simply less reinforcing than that delivered via self-stimulation. Rats with MFB-LH electrodes self-stimulated with high, medium, and low currents and the self-produced rates were tape recorded. In Experiment 1, the rats were allowed to choose(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of sodium ramping (profiling) in reducing hypotensive episodes and symptoms during haemodialysis. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS Thirteen patients who experienced frequent episodes of hypotension and/or symptoms such as cramps, dizziness, chest pain, nausea, vomiting,(More)
The effects of morphine and its derivatives on self-stimulation behavior have been widely studied. In those experiments which have used multiple injections (over days) and multiple post-injection tests (within days), the typical findings includes a depression of responding after the initial injections followed by a facilitation of responding on subsequent(More)
We aimed to explore the diagnostic accuracy of various mediastinal measurements in determining acute nontraumatic thoracic aortic dissection with respect to posteroanterior (PA) and anteroposterior (AP) chest radiographs, which had received little attention so far. We retrospectively reviewed 100 patients (50 PA and 50 AP chest radiographs) with confirmed(More)
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