Waheed Asghar

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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used chronically to reduce pain and inflammation in patients with arthritic conditions, and also acutely as analgesics by many patients. Both therapeutic and adverse effects of NSAIDs are due to inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme. NSAIDs are classified as non-selective and COX-2-selective inhibitors(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to increase the risk of cardiovascular (CV) and renal incidences, especially at higher doses and upon long term use. However, the available reports are criticized for lack of specificity, grouping of vastly different outcomes together and ignoring the heterogeneity among NSAIDs. In this systematic(More)
There is a debate on the dose dependency, concentration-effect, hence, the beneficial effect of glucosamine (GlcN), a widely used anti-inflammatory natural product. We investigated dose/concentration-effect relationship and determined its minimum effective dose/concentration in rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA, Mycobacterium butyricum in squalene) both as(More)
Synthetic analogues of the peptide hormone calcitonin have been used in medicine as biologic drug therapies for decades, to treat pathological conditions of excessive bone turnover, such as osteoporosis, where more bones are removed than replaced during bone remodeling. Osteoporosis and other chronic skeletal diseases, including inflammatory arthritis,(More)
Both omeprazole and its S enantiomer (esomeprazole) have been available and used to treat  symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and conditions associated with excessive stomach acid secretion for more than a decade. Controversy exists over improved efficacy of S enantiomer (esomeprazole) over parent racemate (omeprazole). However, a comparison(More)
Eicosanoids are biologically active lipid-derived oxidative metabolites of arachidonic acid. We, herein, present an improved sensitive, selective and robust high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-fluorescence assay for simultaneous quantification of eicosanoids in human plasma and rat tissues. Aliquots of 200 μL of plasma or 30 mg of heart or kidney(More)
A co-morbidity of inflammatory conditions is increased cardio-renal risks. Additionally, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) which are used to treat pain and inflammation are also associated with increase in such risks. We hypothesized that inflammation and NSAIDs impose the cardio-renal risk through the activation of the renin-angiotensin-system(More)
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