Wagner F. Gattaz

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Bipolar disorder is associated with increased risk for dementia. We compared the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease between 66 elderly euthymic patients with bipolar disorder who were on chronic lithium therapy and 48 similar patients without recent lithium therapy. The prevalence of dementia in the whole sample was 19% v. 7% in an age-comparable population.(More)
BACKGROUND Two recent clinical studies support the feasibility of trials to evaluate the disease-modifying properties of lithium in Alzheimer's disease, although no benefits were obtained from short-term treatment. AIMS To evaluate the effect of long-term lithium treatment on cognitive and biological outcomes in people with amnestic mild cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND World population growth is projected to be concentrated in megacities, with increases in social inequality and urbanization-associated stress. São Paulo Metropolitan Area (SPMA) provides a forewarning of the burden of mental disorders in urban settings in developing world. The aim of this study is to estimate prevalence, severity, and treatment(More)
Abstract These updated guidelines are based on a first edition of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) guidelines for biological treatment of schizophrenia published in 2006. For this 2012 revision, all available publications pertaining to the biological treatment of schizophrenia were reviewed systematically to allow for an(More)
Data from two major government-funded studies of comparative antipsychotic effectiveness in schizophrenia contradict the widely prevalent belief that the newer second-generation medications are vastly superior to the older first-generation drugs. This has caused uncertainty among patients, clinicians and policy-makers about the relative utility of first-(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy and safety of olanzapine were compared with those of ziprasidone. METHOD This was a multicenter randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, 28-week study of patients with schizophrenia. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment with 10-20 mg/day of olanzapine or 80-160 mg/day of ziprasidone. The primary efficacy measure was the(More)
The activation of inflammatory cascades has been consistently demonstrated in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among several putative neuroinflammatory mechanisms, the tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) signaling system has a central role in this process. Recent evidence indicates that the abnormal production of inflammatory factors may(More)
An absent response to the niacin skin test has been reported to occur in about 80% of schizophrenic patients, as compared to 20% of healthy individuals. Niacin provokes redness in skin caused by a capillary vasodilatation mediated by prostaglandins. The metabolism of prostaglandins is regulated by the enzyme phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Several studies have(More)
The incidence of schizophrenia is regarded as being similar between different cultures and times. However, several studies, mostly based on first-admission rates, have suggested that the incidence has declined over the past 10-15 years. Data from England and Wales for 1952-86 have been examined: there has been a substantial decrease, beginning in the(More)
The S100 proteins are a family of calcium-binding proteins found in the central and peripheral nervous systems of vertebrates. S100beta, the most abundant member of this family in the CNS, mediates calcium signal transduction, and shows neurotrophic, gliotrophic and mitogenic actions that influence the development and maintenance of the nervous system.(More)