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A three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction algorithm based on contours identification from biplanar radiographs is presented. It requires, as technical prerequisites, a method to calibrate the biplanar radiographic environment and a surface generic object (anatomic atlas model) representing the structure to be reconstructed. The reconstruction steps consist(More)
Using a specialized orthopedic software package, the authors investigated the sagittal spinal shape and the position of the pelvis in the space in patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis and in persons with no such symptoms. Digitized lateral spinal radiographs of 30 healthy volunteers and 48 patients were evaluated. The absolute values and significant(More)
Many studies have concluded that stand alone cages provide limited stabilization to the spine, and this primary stabilization decreases postoperatively due to various factors. A supplemental fixation may, therefore, be needed to improve the stability. Extensive biomechanical analysis was performed in the present study to further evaluate the stabilization(More)
We propose a new 3D/2D registration method for vertebrae of the scoliotic spine, using two conventional radiographic views (postero-anterior and lateral), and a priori global knowledge of the geometric structure of each vertebra. This geometric knowledge is efficiently captured by a statistical deformable template integrating a set of admissible(More)
Analyzing standing posture requires a precise measure of the orientation of the various body segments with respect to the gravitational vector. We studied the posture variability of 34 healthy upright standing subjects. Using a force platform combined with a powerful stereoradiographic technique, we acquired the spine and pelvis three-dimensional (3D)(More)
Although feasibility of accurate 3D reconstruction of the proximal epiphysis of the femur from biplanar X-rays (frontal and lateral) has been assessed, in vivo application is limited due to bone superposition. The aim of this study was to propose a specific algorithm to get accurate and reproducible, low dose in vivo 3D reconstruction. To achieve this goal,(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective study of 131 patients and volunteers recruited for an analysis of spinal alignment and gravity line (GL) assessment by force plate analysis. OBJECTIVE To determine relationships between GL, foot position, and spinopelvic landmarks in subjects with varying sagittal alignment. Additionally, the study sought to analyze the role of(More)
This paper presents a new 3D reconstruction method of the scoliotic vertebrae of a spine, using two conventional radiographic views (postero-anterior and lateral), and a global prior knowledge on the geometrical structure of each vertebra. This geometrical knowledge is efficiently captured by a statistical deformable template integrating a set of admissible(More)
The stereoradiographic reconstruction method allows obtaining the three-dimensional (3D) rib cage geometry, which is essential for clinical evaluation or biomechanical studies. However, reconstruction time is still high (about 20 min considering operator time). The purpose of this study is to propose a 3D reconstruction of the rib cage from biplanar(More)
In this paper, we propose a new and accurate 3D reconstruction technique for the scoliotic spine from a pair planar and conventional radiographic images (postero-anterior and lateral). The proposed model uses a priori hierarchical global knowledge, both on the geometric structure of the whole spine and of each vertebra. More precisely, it relies on the(More)