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BACKGROUND Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often do not take their medications as prescribed. OBJECTIVE To examine self-reported adherence rates in IBD patients at the Stollery Children's Hospital (Edmonton, Alberta) and to determine predictors of medication adherence. METHODS A survey was mailed to 212 pediatric IBD patients of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Long-term effects of using enteral feed therapy to induce remission in paediatric Crohn's disease are poorly documented. The aim of this study is to examine the short and long-term impact of enteral nutrition as primary therapy for children with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease. METHODS Since 1994, a data base was set up in Bristol for(More)
BACKGROUND Although gastrostomy tube insertion - whether endoscopic or open - is generally safe, procedure-related complications have been reported. OBJECTIVE To compare gastrostomy tube insertion-related complications between percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and open gastrostomy at a single pediatric centre. METHODS The charts of children (younger(More)
AIMS The aim was to systematically review the evidence on the clinical usefulness of thiopurine metabolite and white blood count (WBC) monitoring in the assessment of clinical outcomes in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of controlled trials and http://www.clinicaltrials.gov were screened(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The aim of this study was to examine bone mineral density and serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D in relation to disease activity in children newly diagnosed with IBD. METHODS In a cross-sectional analytic study, 60 children newly diagnosed with IBD (39 with Crohn's disease [CD], mean age 12.2 ± 2.1 years; and 21 with ulcerative colitis [UC],(More)
BACKGROUND Methotrexate, a folate antagonist, is an immunosuppressant drug that is effective for treating several inflammatory disorders including Crohn's disease. Ulcerative colitis, a related chronic inflammatory bowel disease, can be challenging to treat. This review was performed to examine the efficacy of methotrexate for maintenance of remission in(More)
Children with chronic long-term disorders need to move to the adult practice at some point in their life. Establishing a smooth and efficient transition process is a complicated task. Transition of medical care to adult practice is defined as the purposeful planned movement of adolescents and young adults with chronic physical and medical conditions from(More)
UNLABELLED Apley, working in Bristol, UK, defined recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in 1958. After extensive investigations, he found that 8% of children presenting to his clinic with RAP had an organic pathology. The aims of this study were to identify (1) causes of RAP using modern methodology, (2) factors associated with organic RAP and (3) children with(More)
Wireless capsule endoscopy is one of the recent inventions that has made an impact in the diagnostic work-up of gastrointestinal diseases, mainly in small intestinal pathology, the part of the gut that cannot be totally visualized by upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy. Since the first report documenting the use of capsule endoscopy, many adult(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) insertion and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is widely disputed in the current literature. The aim of this systematic review is to examine the available evidence documenting the association between PEG and GERD. METHODS The following databases were searched: MEDLINE(More)