Wade K Aldous

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Six methods of extracting Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA from sputum for testing by quantitative PCR were compared: Tris-EDTA (TE) buffer, PrepMan Ultra, 2% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-10% Triton X with and without sonication, Infectio Diagnostics, Inc. (IDI) lysing tubes, and QIAGEN QIAamp DNA mini kit; all included a 15-min boiling step. Pooled digested(More)
Considerable advancements in shock resuscitation and wound management have extended the survival of burned patients, increasing the risk of serious infection. We performed a 6-year review of bacteria identification and antibiotic susceptibility records at the US Army Institute of Surgical Research Burn Center between January 2003 and December 2008. The(More)
U.S. combat casualties from Iraq and Afghanistan continue to develop infections with multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. This study assesses the infection control database and clinical microbiology antibiograms at a single site from 2005 to 2007, a period when all Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF)/Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) casualties admitted to the(More)
Infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients with burn injuries. We performed a 6-year antibiotic susceptibility records review from January 2003 to December 2008 to assess the prevalence of MDR isolates by pathogen at the US Army Institute of Surgical Research Burn Center.(More)
BACKGROUND Telomerase replaces DNA sequences that are lost with cell division. Increased activity has been documented in malignant cells. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) has a 90% sensitivity for diagnosis of papillary carcinomas, but a specificity of 52%. This often leads to unnecessary surgery. METHODS Telomeric repeat amplification protocol assays were(More)
Laboratory evidence for tuberculous meningitis is difficult to acquire due to the low numbers of organisms present in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the presence of nucleic acid amplification inhibitors. The Amplified Mycobacterium tuberculosis Direct Test (MTD) is sensitive and specific for the direct detection of M. tuberculosis complex in respiratory(More)
The Binax NOW immunochromatographic assay for respiratory syncytial virus was prospectively compared with direct fluorescent assay and viral culture at Primary Children's Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah during February 2003. Three hundred ten patient specimens were collected for testing, of which 102 specimens were positive for respiratory syncytial(More)
The increased incidence of sexually transmitted infections has historically been associated with military personnel at war. The incidence of gonorrhea and Chlamydia in personnel deployed in the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan has not been reported. An electronic records' review of testing done from January 2004 to September 2009 revealed higher rates(More)
BACKGROUND The authors tested the effects of the antiestrogenic agent tamoxifen on telomerase activity and cell proliferation in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cell lines. MCF-7 cells belong to a known estrogen receptor positive cell line, whereas MDA-MB-231 cells, previously thought to be estrogen receptor negative, are now shown to contain estrogen(More)
A rapid PCR method was developed using the Roche LightCycler technology for detection of Herpes Simplex Virus I and II. The Lightcycler method was compared with tissue culture and direct HSV antigen detection using routine clinical samples. The LightCycler PCR was shown to be more sensitive than isolation by tissue culture (sensitivity of culture versus PCR(More)