Wade H Powell

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The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor through which 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds cause altered gene expression and toxicity. The AHR belongs to an emerging multigene family of transcription factors possessing basic helix loop helix (bHLH) and Per-ARNT-Sim (PAS) domains. Most(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) mediates numerous toxic effects following exposure of vertebrate animals to certain aromatic environmental contaminants, including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). To investigate possible effects of TCDD on invertebrates, a cDNA encoding an AHR homologue was cloned from the soft-shell clam, Mya arenaria. The(More)
The effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds occur via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), a member of the basic helix-loop-helix-Per-ARNT-Sim homology (bHLH-PAS) protein superfamily. A single AHR gene has been identified in mammals, whereas many fish species, including the Atlantic killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus)(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) is a member of the bHLH/PAS protein superfamily. ARNT dimerizes with several PAS superfamily members, including the ligand-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), forming a complex that alters transcription by binding specific elements within the promoters of target genes. Two genes encode(More)
Fundulus heteroclitus is a well-characterized marine fish model for studying aryl hydrocarbon toxicity. The F. heteroclitus population in New Bedford Harbor (NBH), a Superfund site in southeastern Massachusetts, exhibits heritable resistance to the toxic effects of planar halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs), including 2,3,7,(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) mediates aryl hydrocarbon signaling and toxicity by dimerizing with the ligand-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), forming a complex that binds specific DNA elements and alters transcription of target genes. Two genes encode different forms of ARNT in rodents: ARNT1, which is widely expressed,(More)
The hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are dimeric transcription factors that mediate changes in gene expression during adaptation of animals to oxygen stress. Both alpha (HIFalpha) and beta (ARNT) subunits are members of the basic helix-loop-helix/Per-ARNT-Sim family of proteins. Mammals have at least three different HIF-alpha subunits, paralogous proteins(More)
Xenopus laevis and other frogs are extremely insensitive to the toxicity of xenobiotic ligands of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Premetamorphic life stages are especially insensitive, and they are reported to be refractory to induction of Cytochrome P4501As, which are readily induced in older(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a potent developmental toxicant in most vertebrates. However, frogs are relatively insensitive to TCDD toxicity, especially during early life stages. Toxicity of TCDD and related halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons is mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), and specific differences in properties of the(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) is a member of the Per-ARNT-Sim (PAS) protein superfamily, transcription factors that mediate the cellular responses to various developmental signals and environmental conditions. A beta-class ("partner") PAS protein, ARNT exhibits the capacity to form transcriptionally active heterodimers with(More)