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The purpose of this study was to quantify D2 receptors density and affinity in living rats using [11C]raclopride and to validate the multiinjection modelling approach. To this aim, we used an intracerebral beta+-sensitive probe as a highly sensitive system to quantify the radioligand activity using a single three-injection experimental paradigm. The study(More)
Several in vivo studies have found that the 5-HT1A PET radioligand 18F-MPPF is a substrate of rodent P-glycoprotein (P-gp). However, in vitro assays suggest that MPPF is not a substrate of human P-gp. We have now tested the influence of inhibiting P-gp on the brain kinetics of 18F-MPPF in mice and non-human primates. We measured the peripheral kinetics(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are involved in a familial form of frontal lobe epilepsy, autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE). In several ADNFLE families, mutations were identified in the nAChR alpha4 or beta2 subunit, which together compose the main cerebral nAChR. Electrophysiological assessment using in vitro expression(More)
UNLABELLED Radiolabeled compounds used for brain imaging with PET must readily cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to reach their target. Efflux transporters at the BBB-P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)-could limit their uptake by the brain. METHODS We developed and validated an in vitro model using MDCKII cells(More)
The multiinjection approach was used to study in vivo interactions between alpha4beta2(*) nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and 2-[(18)F]fluoro-A-85380 in baboons. The ligand kinetics was modeled by the usual nonlinear compartment model composed of three compartments (arterial plasma, free and specifically bound ligand in tissue). Arterial blood samples(More)
[(11)C]SL-25.1188 [(S)-5-methoxymethyl-3-[6-(4,4,4-trifluorobutoxy)-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yl]-oxazolidin-2-one], an oxazolidinone derivative, was characterized in baboons as a radioligand for the in vivo visualization of MAO-B using positron emission tomography (PET). After i.v. injection, [(11)C]SL25.1188 presented a rapid phase of distribution in blood(More)
The radioligand 2-[(18)F]fluoro-A-85380 has been developed for imaging alpha(4)beta(2) nAChRs with PET. However, it has slow kinetics and a large fraction of bound activity is nondisplaceable. In an attempt to address these problems, two epibatidine-based alpha(4)beta(2) nicotinic antagonists, coded FPhEP and F(2)PhEP, were evaluated in vivo in baboons.(More)
[(18)F]DPA-714 [N,N-diethyl-2-(2-(4-(2[(18)F]-fluoroethoxy)phenyl)5,7dimethylpyrazolo[1,5a]pyrimidin-3-yl)acetamide] is a new radioligand currently used for imaging the 18-kDa translocator protein in animal models of neuroinflammation and recently in humans. The biodistribution by positron emission tomography (PET) in baboons and the in vitro and in vivo(More)
INTRODUCTION LBT-999, (E)-N-(4-fluorobut-2-enyl)-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4'-tolyl)nortropane, has been developed for PET imaging of the dopamine transporter. [(18)F]LBT-999 PET studies in baboons showed a lower brain uptake than [(11)C]LBT-999 and a high bone uptake, suggesting the presence of interfering metabolites. Therefore, in vitro and in vivo metabolism(More)
[(11)C]befloxatone is a high-affinity, reversible, and selective radioligand for the in vivo visualization of the monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) binding sites using positron emission tomography (PET). The multi-injection approach was used to study in baboons the interactions between the MAO-A binding sites and [(11)C]befloxatone. The model included four(More)