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Using the even-skipped homeo box as a probe to identify diverged homeo box genes in the Drosophila genome, we isolated the empty spiracles (ems) gene. Structural and functional comparisons between ems and other embryonic patterning genes of Drosophila suggest that ems acts, in part, as a homeotic selector gene, specifying the identity of some of the most(More)
The homeotic genes of the bithorax complex (BX-C) and the Antennapedia complex (ANT-C) of Drosophila appear to specify the developmental fate of segments or parts of segments of the fly. We have previously reported weak DNA sequence homology between 3' portions of the Antennapedia and fushi tarazu genes of the ANT-C and the Ultrabithorax gene of the BX-C.(More)
A repetitive DNA sequence has been identified in the Drosophila melanogaster genome that appears to be localized specifically within genes of the bithorax and Antennapedia complexes that are required for correct segmental development. Initially identified in cloned copies of the genes Antennapedia, Ultrabithorax and fushi tarazu, the sequence is also(More)
How each of the homeotic selector proteins can regulate distinct sets of DNA target elements in embryos is not understood. Here we describe a detailed functional dissection of a small element that is specifically regulated by the Deformed homeotic protein. This 120 bp element (module E) is part of a larger 2.7 kb autoregulatory enhancer that maintains(More)
Abdominal-B (Abd-B) is a homeotic selector gene required for the correct development of abdominal segments 5-9. This gene contains at least two different genetic sub-functions which act as 'morphogenetic' or 'regulatory' elements within a single lethal complementation group. In an effort to identify the molecular nature of these sub-functions we have(More)
Recessive mutations at the lethal(2)giant larvae (l(2)gl) locus of Drosophila melanogaster cause a complex syndrome, which has as its most striking features the development of malignant neuroblastomas in the larval brain and tumors of the imaginal discs. A chromosomal segment containing the l(2)gl gene has been cloned. Within this segment a transcription(More)
The characteristic morphology of many elements of the Drosophila body plan is crucially dependent upon the proper spatial expression of homeotic selector genes. The Deformed locus, which we isolated by virtue of its homology to the homeo box, is a candidate for a homeotic selector in the head region of the developing embryo. Here we show that null mutants(More)
Drosophila has eight Hox proteins, and they require factors acting in parallel to regulate different segmental morphologies. Here we find that the Drosophila gene split ends (spen), has a homeotic mutant phenotype, and appears to encode such a parallel factor. Our results indicate that spen plays two important segment identity roles. One is to promote(More)