Learn More
We have measured the binding affinity for five HLA-A alleles: HLA-A1 (A*0101), A2.1 (A*0201), A3 (A*0301), A11 (A*1101), and A24 (A*2401); of a set of all possible nonamer peptides (n = 240) of human papillomavirus type 16 E6 and E7 proteins. High affinity binding peptides were identified for each of the alleles, thus allowing us to select several(More)
The relationship between binding affinity for HLA class I molecules and immunogenicity of discrete peptide epitopes has been analyzed in two different experimental approaches. In the first approach, the immunogenicity of potential epitopes ranging in MHC binding affinity over a 10,000-fold range was analyzed in HLA-A*0201 transgenic mice. In the second(More)
The mechanism of tumor-associated T cell dysfunction remains an unresolved problem of tumor immunology. Development of T cell defects in tumor-bearing hosts are often associated with increased production of immature myeloid cells. In tumor-bearing mice, these immature myeloid cells are represented by a population of Gr-1(+) cells. In this study we(More)
The Society for Biological Therapy held a Workshop last fall devoted to immune monitoring for cancer immunotherapy trials. Participants included members of the academic and pharmaceutical communities as well as the National Cancer Institute and the Food and Drug Administration. Discussion focused on the relative merits and appropriate use of various immune(More)
Most cervical carcinoma (Cxca) cells constitutively express human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) E6 and E7 oncoproteins. These proteins are, therefore, attractive targets for T cell-based immunotherapy. Previously, we identified HVP16 E7-encoded CTL epitopes. In patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or Cxca, little is known concerning T-cell(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection of cervical epithelium is linked to the generation of cervical cancer. Although most women infected with HPV clear their lesions, the long latency period from infection to resolution indicates that HPV evolved immune escape mechanisms. Dendritic cells, which are targeted by vaccination procedures, incubated with HPV(More)
MHC class I molecules devoid of peptide are expressed on the cell surface of the mouse mutant lymphoma cell line RMA-S upon culture at reduced temperature. Empty class I molecules are thermolabile at the cell surface and in detergent lysates, but can be stabilized by the addition of presentable peptide; peptide binding appears to be a rapid process.(More)
Synthetic peptide-based vaccines have been shown to induce potent protective and therapeutic T cell-mediated immunity in preclinical animal models and are now being evaluated in clinical phase I/II studies for their efficacy against tumors or infectious diseases. However, such vaccines might also specifically tolerize T cells causing enhanced tumor(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a potent regulator of numerous processes including hematopoiesis, cell proliferation, differentiation and activation. TGF-beta has pleiotropic and profound effects on the immune system and on hematologic malignancies, ie leukemia. It is the most potent immunosuppressor described to date. Evidence exists that the(More)
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16)-encoded E7 oncoprotein is constitutively expressed in cervical carcinoma cells and is required for cellular transformation to be maintained. The E7 protein, therefore, forms an attractive target for T-cell-mediated immune intervention to prevent or treat HPV16+ tumors. The authors performed a peptide-based phase I/II(More)