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The mechanism of tumor-associated T cell dysfunction remains an unresolved problem of tumor immunology. Development of T cell defects in tumor-bearing hosts are often associated with increased production of immature myeloid cells. In tumor-bearing mice, these immature myeloid cells are represented by a population of Gr-1(+) cells. In this study we(More)
The Society for Biological Therapy held a Workshop last fall devoted to immune monitoring for cancer immunotherapy trials. Participants included members of the academic and pharmaceutical communities as well as the National Cancer Institute and the Food and Drug Administration. Discussion focused on the relative merits and appropriate use of various immune(More)
Synthetic peptide-based vaccines have been shown to induce potent protective and therapeutic T cell-mediated immunity in preclinical animal models and are now being evaluated in clinical phase I/II studies for their efficacy against tumors or infectious diseases. However, such vaccines might also specifically tolerize T cells causing enhanced tumor(More)
MHC class I molecules devoid of peptide are expressed on the cell surface of the mouse mutant lymphoma cell line RMA-S upon culture at reduced temperature. Empty class I molecules are thermolabile at the cell surface and in detergent lysates, but can be stabilized by the addition of presentable peptide; peptide binding appears to be a rapid process.(More)
Adoptive immunotherapy of cancer requires the generation of large numbers of tumor antigen-reactive T cells for transfer into cancer patients. Genes encoding tumor antigen-specific T-cell receptors can be introduced into primary human T cells by retroviral mediated gene transfer as a potential method of providing any patient with a source of autologous(More)
We have shown previously that immunization of B6 mice (H-2b) with tumor cells of B6 origin transformed by the human adenovirus type 5 early region 1 (Ad5E1) induces an H-2Db-restricted CTL response against an E1B-encoded CTL epitope. We now report that immunization of B6 mice with Ad5E1-transformed tumor cells of BALB/c origin (H-2d), apart from inducing a(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones against adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) early region 1 (E1)-transformed cells were generated in C57BL/6 (B6) mice. A defined peptide encoded by Ad5 E1A is the target structure for H-2Db-restricted CTLs. Upon intravenous injection into B6 nude mice bearing Ad5 E1-induced tumors, these CTLs, if combined with recombinant IL-2,(More)
The tumor suppressor protein p53 is overexpressed in close to 50% of all human malignancies. The p53 protein is therefore an attractive target for immunotherapy. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) recognizing a murine wild-type p53 peptide, presented by the major histocompatibility complex class I molecule H-2Kb, were generated by immunizing p53 gene deficient(More)
Eighteen women with high-grade cervical or vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia who were positive for human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and were HLA-A2 positive were treated with escalating doses of a vaccine consisting of a 9-amino acid peptide from amino acids 12-20 encoded by the E7 gene emulsified with incomplete Freund's adjuvant. Starting with the eleventh(More)
Synthetic peptides have been used to sensitize target cells and thereby screen for epitopes recognized by T cells. Most epitopes of cytotoxic T lymphocytes can be mimicked by synthetic peptides of 12-15 amino acids. Although in specific cases, truncations of peptides improves sensitization of target cells, no optimum length for binding to major(More)