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We measured the vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and folic acid nutritional status in a group of apparently healthy men (n = 44) with moderate hyperhomocysteinemia (plasma homocysteine concentration > 16.3 mumol/L). Compared with control subjects (n = 274) with normal plasma homocysteine (< or = 16.3 mumol/L) concentrations, significantly lower plasma(More)
We have previously shown that a modest vitamin supplement containing folic acid, vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-6 is effective in reducing elevated plasma homocysteine concentrations. The effect of supplementation of the individual vitamins on moderate hyperhomocysteinemia has now been investigated in a placebo-controlled study. One hundred men with(More)
BACKGROUND Sweat conductivity, which is equivalent to sweat NaCl concentration, is used as a screening test to identify possible cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. No data exist on the biological variation of this variable and the influence it may have on the interpretation of sweat testing. The aim of this study was to determine the components of biological(More)
Because high plasma concentrations of homocysteine constitute an enhanced risk for premature coronary heart disease, it is necessary to establish a reference range for normal concentrations of plasma homocysteine. The frequency distribution of plasma homocysteine concentrations tails to the right, and the nonparametric approach is unsatisfactory for(More)
Recent studies on the agreement and correlation between measured and calculated total CO2 (TCO2) have yielded conflicting results. Pre-analytical variation could have been partially responsible. While keeping such variables at an absolute minimum, we found excellent correlation (r = 0.98) in 88 samples, with only a small variation in agreement between(More)
Homocysteine, an atherogenic amino acid, is either remethylated to methionine or metabolized to cysteine by the transsulfuration pathway. The biochemical conversion of homocysteine to cysteine is dependent upon two consecutive, vitamin B-6-dependent reactions. To study the effect of a selective vitamin B-6 deficiency on transsulfuration, we performed oral(More)
Human adenosine deaminase (ADA; EC consists of three isoenzymes: ADA1, ADA1+CP, and ADA2. We developed an electrophoretic technique to distinguish between these three isoenzymes. The isoenzyme pattern was studied in tissue and cell homogenates, as well as in serum from normal subjects and from patients with increased serum ADA who had either(More)
Elevated circulating total homocyst(e)ine concentrations are associated with a higher prevalence of ischaemic heart disease (IHD). We utilized data from the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study to assess the predictive power of the serum total homocyst(e)ine concentration for future IHD. Serum total homocyst(e)ine concentrations were measured in 2290 men in(More)
It has been postulated that lipid peroxidation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. As CoQ10H2 (reduced form of coenzyme Q10) is easily oxidized to CoQ10 (oxidized form of coenzyme Q10), it has been proposed that the CoQ10H2/CoQ10 ratio may be used as a possible marker of in vivo oxidative stress. However, sample preparation has an(More)
We investigated the vitamin B-6 status in smokers, nonsmokers, and exsmokers by measuring both B-6 aldehyde vitamers, pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) and pyridoxal (PL), in the plasma as well as in the erythrocyte compartment. Two hundred eighty-six healthy, sedentary male workers from a middle-income group were investigated. There were 159 smokers, 59(More)