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Galanin is a 29-aa neuropeptide with a complex role in pain processing. Several galanin receptor subtypes are present in dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord with a differential distribution. Here, we describe a generation of a specific galanin R2 (GalR2) agonist, AR-M1896, and its application in studies of a rat neuropathic pain model (Bennett). The results(More)
Galanin exerts an inhibitory effect on locus coeruleus (LC) neurons via a postsynaptic, as yet unidentified galanin receptor. Using an in vitro intracellular recording technique the effect of two galanin receptor agonists on LC neurons was investigated. Bath application of [Sar(1), D-Ala(12)]gal(1-16)-NH(2) (AR-M961), an agonist both at galanin R1 and R2(More)
Specialized epithelia known as M cells overlying the lymphoid follicles of Peyer's patches are important in the mucosal immune system, but also provide a portal of entry for pathogens such as Salmonella typhimurium, Mycobacterium bovis, Shigella flexneri, Yersinia enterocolitica and reoviruses. Penetration of intestinal M cells and epithelial cells by(More)
The first centromeric protein identified in any species was CENP-A, a divergent member of the histone H3 family that was recognised by autoantibodies from patients with scleroderma-spectrum disease. It has recently been suggested to rename this protein CenH3. Here, we argue that the original name should be maintained both because it is the basis of a long(More)
In the present article, we summarize the preclinical pharmacology of 4-{(R)-(3-aminophenyl)[4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-piperazin-1-yl]methyl}-N,N-diethylbenzamide (AZD2327), a highly potent and selective agonist of the δ-opioid receptor. AZD2327 binds with sub-nanomolar affinity to the human opioid receptor (K(i) = 0.49 and 0.75 nM at the C27 and F27 isoforms,(More)
Three new monoclonal antibodies are shown by immunocytochemical techniques to recognise the adult fast, slow and neonatal myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms in adult and fetal human muscle. In fetal muscle of 17-20 weeks of gestation, slow MHC was present only in primary myotubes. Secondary myotubes contained neonatal MHC with different levels of fast and(More)
The compositional relationship between the cell surface of rabbit polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and the membranes of PMN cytoplasmic granules has been investigated. Heterophilic PMNs obtained from peritoneal exudates contained 13 cell surface polypeptides ranging in molecular weight from 220,000 to 12,000 daltons as determined by(More)
We have identified a novel subtype of galanin receptor (GALR-2) in rat dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord. The open reading frame of GALR-2 is 1116 nucleotides long, encoding a protein of 372 amino acids with a theoretical molecular mass of 40.7 kD. Membranes prepared from stable pools of 293 cells expressing GALR-2, but not wild-type 293 cells,(More)
Monoclonal antibodies which specifically recognise the neonatal or adult fast (type 2A and 2B) or slow myosin heavy chain (MHC) were used to investigate the myosin composition of human muscle which had regenerated in culture in the presence or absence of embryonic mouse spinal cord tissue. Adult fast MHC was found in an average of 75% of the cultured(More)
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